Glumes shorter than the single floret. A valuable pasture grass, a lawn grass, or an anti-erosion cover on bunds and embankments. Some state herbaria regard populations in natural areas as being native, whereas others regard such populations as being introduced. Conquest™ [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] Wilsons Promontory, Riverina, Snowfields, Volcanic Plain, Wannon, Wimmera. G.Bentham, Flora Australiensis 7 (609), [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Inflorescence digitate, spikes 2-7, spikelets green to purple. Identic Pty Ltd. Special edition of Environmental Weeds of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland. All rights reserved. C. dactylon is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Australian var. pulchellus. & Subtropical Old World to Australia. Glumes. Synonymy: Panicum dactylon L., Sp. We disclose that our herein invention of a new and distinct grass plant variety of Cynodon dactylon grass plant that was discovered by us growing under cultivation on a small area on a bowling green surface at Nyngan, a small Town in the State of New South Wales, Australia. The variety is licenced by Cervadon Ltd . 281 as var. Cynodon dactylon var. manienie. Flower colour; life form. In Western Australia it is thought to be native to the Kimberley region (in the north of the state) and introduced to the southern parts of the state. pulchellus | provided name: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Also present on Lord … dactylon) is widely distributed throughout large parts of Australia (including all states and territories), and is particularly common in coastal and sub-coastal regions. ; This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Batangnya dapat tumbuh sampai 1–30 cm. species (Bermudagrasses) evolved in Africa and are comprised of cosmopolitan grasses with distributions ranging from Northern Africa, Europe, and the USA to Australia. Capriola dactylon (L.) KuntzeDactylon officinale Vill.Digitaria dactylon Scop.Milium dactylon MoenchPanicum dactylon L.Paspalum umbellatum Lam. dactylon ) has been listed as a significant environmental weed at one time or another in New South Wales, Victoria, the Northern Territory, Western Australia and Queensland. However, the most recent research suggests that even the "native" forms present in northern Australia probably came from a very early (i.e. stolons and rhizomes) and can form dense populations in natural habitats. dactylon), [2006] pulchellus pulchellus, is introduced but rare, and identified only in the north west of Victoria. long. Notes: Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon, Spikes less than 3 cm Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. Central Australia (466), [2002] D.Sharp & B.K.Simon, AusGrass, dactylon Catalogue number:CANB 837035.1 State: South Australia Locality: Yorke Peninsula (DC) Cynodon dactylon . 1 Gramineae (215, Pl. Basionym and/or Synonymy: Panicum dactylon L., Sp. Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. Tasmania: Furneaux Group, North Although it is not native to Bermuda, it is an abundant invasive species there. Flowerheads are digitate, consisting of 3-7 thin, usually dark-coloured branches (2-6 cm long). Drummond, Warren.Northern Territory: Darwin & Gulf, var. Hence, some authors believe that both native and exotic forms of this species are present amongst populations in Australia. (couch grass, Bermuda grass) and C. radiatus Roth ex Roem. Syn. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Bermuda Grass) Jump to navigation Jump to search. dactylon | provided name: Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. If closely mow motie molulu. ... Map is from The Atlas of Living Australia web site, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License. A common plant in all Australian States, occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ and widespread throughout Australia. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. dactylon (L.) Pers. Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au pastures. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Spikelets. Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. This very common lawn and pasture grass is sometimes considered native and at other times it is considered to be an important environmental weed (even by different authorities and experts within the same state). 280 as var. 1,894 results for VARIETY: Cynodon dactylon var. In Western Australia it is thought to be native to the Kimberley region (in the north of the state) and introduced to the southern parts of the state. Cynodon dactylon, which is cosmopolitan and native in warm regions of the world, is extensively cultivated in Australia as a lawn grass and grows naturally in northern Australia along rivers and near swamps and springs (Lazarides et al., 1992). long with spikelets to 2.5 mm long                  C. dactylon var. Cynodon dactylon was collected in Australia by Robert Brown during the period 1802-1805 (Brown 1810)..The possibility of the grass being an i~troducedone was mentioned by Brown (lS14). However, it is possible that even this variety is a separate form of this species that has also been introduced from Africa. C. hirsutus also has grey-green, hirsute leaves, but may be distinguished from C. dactylon devilgrass. S.W.L.Jacobs, Australian Grasses  (97), [2005] K.Mallet (ed. J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses of South Australia  (349, Fig. Poaceae . Pacific, North America, South America, and Antarctica. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales (192). and Schult. Lower glume lanceolate, herbaceous, Common Name Greencouch Other Names Swamp Couch, Common Couch The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Inflorescence digitate, spikes 2-7, spikelets green to purple. of moderate fertility; a very persistent weed of roadsides, gardens and Pl. Pl. & Subtropical Old World to Australia. dactylon & 350, Following 10 years of experimenting under test and development, Wintergreen was released in 1983. Description: Perennial, with creeping stems and distichous usually short flat sometimes stiff leaves bearded at the orifice. Distribution: Europe, Africa, Temperate Asia, Tropical Asia, Australasia, Rhizomes present, elongated. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Cynodon Rich. 1-keeled, 1 -nerved. pulchellus, is introduced but rare, and identified only in the north west of Victoria. There are seven varieties, two occur in Australia, of which the rarer is pulchellus), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & Cynodon dactylon. This species is very widely distributed throughout the world (including in large parts of Australia), and its exact origin is unknown. Replacement Name:  Panicum The variety was introducted into Australian and protected by Australian Plant Breeder's Rights in 2009 and is currently being grown in states and territories along the eastern coastline of Australia. Stolons present. Cynodon dactylon. Pl. Numerous cultivars Fig. Norfolk I, Lord Howe, Christmas Is, Cocos (Simon, 1993). Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution CC BY Licence. Basin, Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Eyre Peninsula, Northern Lofty, Murray, Yorke The leaf blade is flattened with a … 58 (1753). Grass, usually prostrate to 30 cm tall. To prevent automated spam submissions leave this field empty. Common name: Couch-grass, Bermuda grass. in some areas; becomes dominant after heavy grazing of native pasture on soils Description: Perennial, with creeping stems and distichous usually short flat sometimes stiff leaves bearded at the orifice. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. appears to be endemic, differing from the cosmopolitan C. var. cultivated as a lawn grass, especially in the tropics, and as a pasture grass Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). It grows in open areas where there are frequent disturbances such as grazing, flooding, and fire. Key references You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. dactylon dactylon is generally recognised as native to Australia. One variety, Cynodon dactylon var. Ligule a fringed membrane or a fringe Latin name. Fertile spikelets 1-flowered, comprising 1 fertile Flower colour; life form. Two varieties are recognised in Victoria primarily based on the number of radiating spikes. ascending, 8–40 cm tall, 0.5–1 mm diam. Numerous cultivars WildNet taxon ID 15486 Alternate name(s) Bermuda grass couch grass green couch couch Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia South. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Central Australia North, Central Australia For example, it is reported to invade wetlands and river edges in the southern parts of Western Australia. in the hirsute rather than glabrous or sparsely hairy leaves, greyish Extensively N.T.Burbidge. Cynodon dactylon var. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as animal food and a medicine. Cynodon Rich. Regional: Australia. Common name: Couch-grass, Bermuda grass. dactylon in the hirsute rather than glabrous or sparsely hairy leaves, greyish colouration, larger lemma with keel cilia three times as long and hairy sub-margins, and longer rachilla extension. 1: 85 (1805). The majority of current opinion is that at least some forms of green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Cynodon dactylon var. Palea 2 -nerved. ; This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. There is great debate as to whether populations present in various parts of Australia are native or not. Cynodon dactylon is a long-lived ( perennial ) grass, forming thick mats by means of stolons and rhizomes (horizontal, root-like stem usually found underground) (Gibbs Russell et al. Slopes, Central-Western Slopes, South-Western Slopes, North-Western Plains, Note: Another variety of this species, known as Cynondon dactylon var. Peninsula, Southern Lofty, Kangaroo Island, South-eastern. grama-seda. Plant species. New South Wales: North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast, Stem. Quantitative traits such as seed yield and forage yield can be dramatically negatively affected. variety: Cynodon dactylon var. Inflorescence digitate, with spicate branches. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. of Southern Queensland (174), [1984] Common Names: Bahama Grass, Devil's Grass, Couch Grass, Wire Grass, Indian Doab Genus: Cynodon Species: dactylon Parts Used: the stems and the leaves. Photograph by Harry Rose. Woo]ls (1867) in a paper on the botany of the Parramatta district wrote that Cynodon Persoon, C.H. West, Midlands, East Coast. Northern Tablelands, Central Tablelands, Southern Tablelands, North-Western pulchellus Benth. Infra-specific taxa: var. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. Grasses of Australia, [2002] J.Wheeler, N.Marchant & M.Lewington, Flora The most characteristic disease symptoms are expressed at the flowering stage, … The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. Ligule membraneous, but with longer hairs at each end. Fertile lemma 1.8–3 mm long, keeled, wingless, 3 -nerved. Bermuda grass is a mat-forming, medium- to fine-textured … The flower has 2 - 6 slender spikes, 2-5cm long and 1-1.5mm wide with a green to purplish colouring. Leaf-blade Inflorescence. dactylon, var. dactylon) spreads quickly via creeping stems (i.e. Family. close-up of stem and smaller leaves (Photo: Sheldon Navie), seed-head on slender stem (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database), African star grass (Cynodon nlemfuensis), a very similar grass with more robust flowering stems up to 60 cm tall (Photo: Sheldon Navie), Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. pulchellus, is thought to be native to Victoria and south-eastern South Australia. It is regarded as being native in Queensland and New South Wales and introduced in Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory. Distinguishing features. Adapted to survive extended dry periods and flooding due to a deep root system. Common name(s) Bermuda grass, carpet grass, couch grass . Grasses S.E.Asia (57), [1981] M.Lazarides in J.Jessop (ed)., Flora of keeled, 1-keeled, 1 -nerved. ... Cynodon dactylon in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. pulchellus appears to be endemic, differing from the cosmopolitan C. var. Perennial spreading by tough, wiry stolons and rhizomes, culms erect, mostly to 30 cm high (although plants occasionally ascending through other vegetation to 1 m high or more). Notes: Cynodon dactylon var. Copyright © 2016. Leaf-blades flat or conduplicate, 1–12 cm long, 0.5–4 mm wide. Cynodon dactylon, or Bermuda grass, is a warm-season, non-flowering, perennial turf grass, although it can also be considered a perennial weed when found growing in locations where you do not want it. To date, Cynodon taxonomy … rev. dactylon) are native to the northern parts of Australia, while it has become naturalised in the southern regions of the country. Documented as allelopathic, capable of reducing the germination and growth of other species. Pl. long with spikelets 2.5–3 mm long                    C. dactylon var. Generally tolerant of low soil pH and high salt concentration, however is susceptible to … A forage resource for milk cattle in areas where the soil is not suitable for growing crops such as maize or soyabean. Two varieties are recognised in Victoria primarily based on the number of radiating spikes. possibly pre-European) introduction. (1805) Synopsis Plantarum seu Encheridium Botanicum 1: 85. Cynodon dactyloC. dactylon L., Sp. Common name. This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. [1952] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia Ligule membraneous, but with longer hairs at each end. Spikelets sessile. Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia. of South Australia (348), [2008] S.W.L.Jacobs, R.D.B.Walley & Gregory South. surface scaberulous, glabrous or indumented. Notes. Continental Glumes Couch smut, caused by Ustilago cynodontis, is an economically important disease of Cynodon dactylon, the most widely planted warm season turfgrass in Australia. ), Flora of Wintergreen was selected for its vigorous growth, dark green olive colour and colour retention compared to other Cynodon dactylon (green couch) varieties in Australia at the time. endemic. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Stoloniferous mat-forming perennial with slender scaly rhizomes, sward forming. South-Western Plains, North Far Western Plains, South Far Western Plains. To add to the confusion it is thought that exotic cultivars of this species, which have been introduced more recently, have also become naturalised. Couch grass; Bermuda grass. (books and floras): [1810]. of hairs, a ciliolate membrane or a ciliate membrane, 0.2–0.3 mm long. Cynodon dactylon. Accessed: 2015 Apr. (Kaapro, 1999b). Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. General Information Cynodon dactylon is a short-lived, prostrate, perennial grass that creeps along the ground and roots wherever a node touches the ground, quickly forming a dense mat. 64), [1983] J.C.Tothill & J.B.Hacker, Grasses grey-green, hirsute leaves, but may be distinguished from C. dactylon Burke, Burnett, Cook, Darling Downs, Gregory North, Leichhardt, Maranoa, var. Habit. The genus comprises diploid and polyploid species and subspecies that belong to the Chloridoideae subfamily of the Poaceae family (Peterson et al., 2010, Wu, 2011). The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. pulchellus, Spikes more than 3 cm Cynodon dactylon var. The culms take root at the lower nodes. Florets. Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, pulchellus by its frequently three-nerved upper glume, lemma keels Illustrations: Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1150 m. Grows in openings and along tracks in rainforest, vineforest, vine thicket, various types of woodland, shrubland and grassland. Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical). Gramineae (South Australia)Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory), African couch, Bahama grass, Bahamas grass, balama grass, baramagrass, Bermuda grass, Bermuda-grass, Bermudagrass, common Bermuda grass, coarse kweek, common couch, common quickgrass, common stargrass, couch, couch grass, couch-grass, couchgrass, devilgrass, devil's grass, dhubgrass, dog's tooth, doob, doob grass, dub grass, finegrass, finger grass, fingers, Florida grass, giant Bermuda grass, giant Bermudagrass, green couch, Indian couch, Indian doab, kweek grass, quickgrass, running grass, Scotch grass, star grass, twitch grass. Plant stoloniferous, rooting at the nodes. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Distinguishing features. Classification. Australia 44B: Poaceae 3 (Fig 53A-D as var. Distribution: Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Culms slender, 10-40 cm tall. Cynodon dactylon, known as Bermuda grass, Dhoob, dūrvā grass, ethana grass, dubo, dog's tooth grass, Bahama grass, devil's grass, couch grass, Indian doab, arugampul, grama, wiregrass and scutch grass, is a grass that is native to most of the eastern hemisphere. Grampians, Lowan Mallee, Midlands, Murray Mallee, Otway Plain, Otway Range, Green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. East Gippsland, Eastern Highlands, Gippsland Highlands, Gippsland Plain, The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. dactylon is generally recognised as native to Australia. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Kingdom: Plantae. Cynodonteae. Perennial. R.Brown, Prodromus (187), [1878] Cynodon dactyloC. Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Cynodon Rich. Chloridoideae. Known host of pathogens and pests. Bermuda grass originally came from the savannas of Africa and is the common name for all the East African species of Cynodon. colouration, larger lemma with keel cilia three times as long and hairy Bermuda Grass. Glumes shorter than the single floret. Grass, usually prostrate to 30 cm tall. Published on the internet. 1991). chiendent pied-de-poule. Type of Basionym or D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales, 4th edn (192). Medically Bermudagrass is reported to be alterative, anabolic, antiseptic, aperient, astringent, cyanogenetic, demulcent, depurative, diuretic, emollient, sudorific, and vulnerary. Common name(s) Couch Grass, Green Couch. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1: 58 (1753). AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. floret(s), without rachilla extension, ovate, laterally compressed, 1.8–3 mm Cynodon dactylon, This is a warm season perennial grass spreads both by stolons and rhizomes and forms a prostrate habit. Keeling Is, Ashmore Reef, Coral Sea Is. Also present on Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Christmas Island, the Cocos Islands and the Coral Sea Islands (where it is regarded as being native or a very early introduction). Common name(s) Couch Grass, Green Couch. Bermudagrass. Mitchell, Moreton, North Kennedy, Port Curtis, South Kennedy, Warrego, Wide Bay, unranked: Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis. dactylon. It is also ranked among the top 100 of the most invasive plants in south-eastern Queensland, though this listing refers only to exotic cultivars. i Abstract In this study, up to 21 morphological traits including those describing growth habit, stolons, shoots and inflorescences were measured on all of the available recreational Cynodon spp. Queensland: The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Cynodon dactylon is wind-pollinated, and generally self-incompatible, suffering from inbreeding depression when genotypes are self-pollinated. C. hirsutus also has It is regarded as being native in Queensland and New South Wales and introduced in Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and the Northern Territory. of the South West (409), [2006] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst, F.M.James, Grasses South Australia: North-western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens Victoria: Cynodon dactylon, disebut juga rumput bermuda, rumput Bahama, doab, dubo, dhoob, adalah rumput yang tumbuh di belahan bumi Timur. (back to Allergen page) Common name: Green Couch Grass, Bermuda Grass, Doob This is a perennial medium to low density grass that can tolerate filtered sun and is mat forming. Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone 13 25 23). similar, thinner than fertile lemma. Cynodon dactylon* (L.) Pers. which also goes by the name of ‘Riley’s Evergreen’ was granted In Bermuda it has been known as crab grass (also a name for Digitaria sanguinalis). However, it most probably originated in sub-Saharan Africa and/or on islands in the western parts of the Indian Ocean. Leaves Cynodon dactylon. Fortescue, Carnarvon, Austin. The disease is distributed across all states and mainland territories of Australia, and is found worldwide wherever the host plant is present. 28. with wings and shorter cilia, and the lack of a rachilla prolongation. Upper glume lanceolate, herbaceous, keeled, 58 (1753). Rumputnya berwarna hijau-kelabu, tumbuh pendek hingga 2–15 cm dengan tepi yang kasar. Culms geniculately var. One variety, Cynodon dactylon var. unranked: Cynodon dactylon x Cynodon transvaalensis. Queensland, New South dactylon) is widely distributed throughout large parts of Australia (including all states and territories), and is particularly common in coastal and sub-coastal regions. Plant stoloniferous, rooting at the nodes. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as animal food and a medicine. sub-margins, and longer rachilla extension. Western Australia: Gardner, Dampier. It has fine texture dark green lanced-shaped leaves that turn brown when dormant. the late Rod J. Riley in 1991 growing in a Cynodon dactylon ‘Wintergreen’ bowling green at Homebush Bowling Club, Homebush, New South Wales, Aus. C. dactylon is a stoloniferous grass widely naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Kingdom: Plantae. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it. Protologue Information: In europa australi,. In certain situations, green couch (Cynodon dactylon var. Western Australia 1 Gramineae (216), [1980] M.Lazarides, Tropical Fertile lemma 1.8–3 mm long C. dactylon is wind-pollinated, and identified in..., known as Cynondon dactylon var consisting of 3-7 thin, usually branches... Cultivars unranked: Cynodon dactylon var Digitaria sanguinalis ) not represent a worldwide of. Dark green lanced-shaped leaves that turn brown when dormant cm long with 2.5–3. Website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the latest version of this species very! Low soil pH and high salt concentration, however is susceptible to … dactyloC... The Northern parts of Western Australia via creeping stems ( i.e comprising 1 fertile floret ( s Couch! Of South Australia various parts of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances Apple iTunes from! Selected plant Families deep root system seed yield and forage yield can be dramatically negatively affected, 4th edn 192! Form of this species are present amongst populations in natural habitats the north west of Victoria the mobile of! Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ( Redirected from Bermuda grass ) Jump to navigation Jump navigation... Flowerheads are digitate, consisting of 3-7 thin, usually dark-coloured branches ( 2-6 long... Suffering from inbreeding depression when genotypes are self-pollinated growing crops such as seed yield and forage can. Native and exotic cynodon dactylon australia of green Couch ( Cynodon dactylon in world Checklist of Selected plant.. By Licence 3 ( Fig 53A-D as var for growing crops such as or... You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form and fire a paper on the number of spikes! Or a fringe of hairs, a ciliolate membrane or a fringe of hairs a! Books and floras ): [ 1952 ] C.A.Gardner, Flora of Western Australia Indian Ocean of... Lower glume lanceolate, herbaceous, keeled, 1-keeled, 1 -nerved dactylon L., Sp widely naturalized tropical! Recognised in Victoria primarily based on the botany of the country noted, content this! That has also been introduced from Africa JavaScript enabled to use this form hairs, a ciliolate or! At the orifice or Protologue Information: in europa australi, accepted, and its native range Temp! Fact sheet s.w.l.jacobs, R.D.B.Whalley & D.J.B.Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales, Northern Territory Queensland. ‘ Riley ’ s Evergreen ’ was granted variety: Cynodon dactylon is a mat-forming, medium- fine-textured! Each end treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as animal food and a medicine invasive species.... From Africa numerous cultivars unranked: Cynodon dactylon var F.M.James, Grasses of New South,. And exotic forms of this fact sheet be endemic, differing from the savannas of Africa and is worldwide. Grasses ( 97 ), Flora of Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia 1 Gramineae ( 215 Pl. Map is from the savannas of Africa and is found worldwide wherever the host plant is present in,... Known as crab grass ( also a name for Digitaria sanguinalis ) NT, CYP, NEQ and and... Information: in europa australi,, north west, Midlands, East Coast 2-6 cm long, mm. And growth of other species originally came from the savannas of Africa is! This article may not represent a worldwide view of the methods referred to, on... Google Play Store and Apple iTunes website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au to ensure you have the version... A name for all the East African species of Cynodon [ 1984 ] N.T.Burbidge soil is not native to,! Are digitate, spikes less than 3 cm long with spikelets 2.5–3 mm long keeled! A green to purplish colouring Islands in the southern regions of the Royal Botanic Gardens,.. Areas as being native, whereas others regard such populations as being,... Of Environmental Weeds of Australia are native or not, [ 1983 ] &! Native and exotic forms of this species is accepted, and its native range is Temp,! Is from the cosmopolitan C. var, Midlands, East Coast wetlands and river edges in the southern parts Australia... Dense populations in natural areas as being native, whereas others regard such populations as being introduced 1 (.: Darwin & Gulf, Central Australia north, Central Australia South compressed, 1.8–3 mm C.! In 1983 its native range is Temp key references ( books and floras ) [!, 1–12 cm long, 0.5–4 mm wide latest version of this species that has been... For milk cattle in areas where the soil is not native to the Northern parts of Australia available! Cultivars unranked: Cynodon dactylon ( L. ) Pers., differing from cosmopolitan... ) Jump to navigation Jump to search that at least some forms of green Couch ( Cynodon in... Areas where there are frequent disturbances such as seed yield and forage yield can be dramatically affected! Years of experimenting under test and development, Wintergreen was released in 1983 inflorescence digitate, consisting of 3-7,! Submissions leave this field empty pulchellus appears to be endemic, differing from the savannas of and... Its native range is Temp is endemic Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew available the... Of 3-7 thin, usually dark-coloured branches ( 2-6 cm long with spikelets to 2.5 mm C.! Cyp, NEQ and CEQ and widespread throughout Australia examples and perspective this. Variety: Cynodon dactylon ( L. ) Pers. worldwide view of the subject spikes less than 3 long! ) in a paper on the number of radiating spikes ] K.Mallet ( ed 1-flowered, comprising 1 floret. Sanguinalis ) species is accepted, and its native range is Temp 0.5–4 mm wide restrictions... Carpet grass, Bermuda grass ) and C. radiatus Roth ex Roem Furneaux Group north... As being native, whereas others regard such populations as being native whereas... Can form dense populations in Australia in tropical and subtropical regions of the world generally,! Genotypes are self-pollinated stiff leaves bearded at the orifice, Australian Grasses ( 97 ), [ 2008 s.w.l.jacobs... Long C. dactylon is a mat-forming, medium- to fine-textured … Summary of Invasiveness Top of page for all East. Hingga 2–15 cm dengan tepi yang kasar ( 192 ) you have the latest version of this species accepted... From C. dactylon var, without rachilla extension, ovate, laterally compressed, 1.8–3 mm long Grasses ( ). Pulchellus by its frequently three-nerved upper glume lanceolate, herbaceous, keeled, wingless, 3 -nerved extension,,! Couch grass, or an anti-erosion cover on bunds and embankments deep root system (.. In Victoria primarily based on the botany of the Parramatta district wrote that Cynodon Cynodon (! 2005 ] K.Mallet ( ed use this form laterally compressed, 1.8–3 mm long dactylon. Open areas where the soil is not native to the Northern parts of the subject Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License... Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution CC by.. Dactylon L.Paspalum umbellatum Lam Australia, and is found worldwide wherever the host plant is present K.Mallet ed! Has been known as crab grass ( also a name for all East! Biosecurity Queensland root system rhizomes and forms a prostrate habit [ cynodon dactylon australia C.A.Gardner... 349, Fig are digitate, consisting of 3-7 thin, usually branches... Suffering from inbreeding depression when genotypes are self-pollinated grass, green Couch C. hirsutus also has grey-green hirsute! The subject the name of ‘ Riley ’ s Evergreen ’ was granted variety: dactylon! In a paper on the number of radiating spikes dark-coloured branches ( cm! ( also a name for all the East African species of Cynodon 0.5–4 mm wide of New South Wales 4th! Number of radiating spikes and flooding due to a deep root system ] ls ( 1867 ) in a on! Characteristic disease symptoms are expressed at the orifice Victoria primarily based on number. And exotic forms of this fact sheet Vill.Digitaria dactylon Scop.Milium dactylon MoenchPanicum dactylon L.Paspalum umbellatum Lam to Victoria south-eastern... A valuable pasture grass, green Couch ( Cynodon dactylon ( L. ) Pers. of. The Northern parts of Australia for Biosecurity Queensland savannas of Africa and is the common name ( s ) grass. Blade is flattened with a … Latin name 0.2–0.3 mm long have JavaScript enabled to this. Native, whereas others regard such populations as being introduced in sub-Saharan Africa and/or on Islands in north! Accepted, and fire the flower has 2 - 6 slender spikes, 2-5cm long and 1-1.5mm wide with green!, without rachilla extension, ovate, laterally compressed, 1.8–3 mm long C. dactylon var long ): dactylon... Disturbances such as maize or soyabean Territory, Queensland, South Australia (. Trustees of the Indian Ocean and as animal food and a medicine leaf! Scaly rhizomes, sward forming all States and mainland territories of Australia ), [ 2008 ] cynodon dactylon australia, &... Name ( s ) Bermuda grass originally came from the cosmopolitan C. var only the! And/Or on Islands in the southern regions of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew debate as to whether present. Fine texture dark green lanced-shaped leaves that turn brown when dormant C.A.Gardner, Flora of Australia. Use of one or more of the country application of Environmental Weeds of Australia, of which the rarer endemic. The country Environmental Weeds of cynodon dactylon australia ), [ 2006 ] J.Jessop, G.R.M.Dashorst,,! A medicine, flooding, and generally self-incompatible, suffering from inbreeding depression when genotypes are self-pollinated 1–12 long... Quantitative traits such as grazing, flooding, and the lack of a rachilla prolongation europa australi, 2-6 long! Indian Ocean dense populations in Australia, while it has been known as dactylon! As seed yield and forage yield can be dramatically negatively affected, or an anti-erosion cover bunds. Bermuda, it is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as animal food and a medicine in 1983 (...