It has black to brownish-yellow fur and strong, short legs. When threatened the porcupine will raise its quills and rattles the hollow spines on its tail. The smallest porcupine is a dwarf porcupine, inhabiting the lands of Brazil, Bahia. The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. Select an item from the list on the right to compare related dimensions. Share the story of this animal with others. In length this porcupine reaches only 38 centimeters. In the wild, they are known to live as long as 18 years. The spines of the Cape Porcupine can reach up to 20 inches in length, which makes them an extremely effective defense mechanism. AJS "Porcupine " 19471947 A.J.S. Weight 24-60 lb (~11-27 kg) The IUCN Red List describes Hystrix indica as a species of Least Concern with a widespread population and no major threats. Porcupines have rounded bodies covered with many spines or … They conduct an elaborate courtship involving extensive vocalizations, a courtship dance, and the male usually showers the female with urine before mating. When threatened, the porcupine doesn’t “shoot” its quills. Also seal any holes, place fences, and place mesh tubes around any plants to prevent rodents from eating them. Its body weight reaches up to 8.5 kilograms. Porcupines are the third largest rodent on the planet. Vital Statistics . Subscribed! They can be from 25 to 36 inches long. Let’s take a look at some of the biggest rodents in the world and learn a little about what, (besides their size) makes them so fascinating. Porcupine was only able to hold 100 grams before it crimpled to the ground. Their fur ranges in color from brownish-yellow to black, and they sport white highlights in their quills. They are an enormous family of creatures, and although the Old World porcupines, and New World porcupines, are all from the same branch of the rodent family, they are actually not closely related. Rodents generally eat nuts, meat, fish, fruits, berries, and food scraps. They are similar in appearance to, and only slightly larger than, their close relatives, the crested porcupines, and can most easily be distinguished from them by the presence of a band of short white spines along the midline of the rump. One of the largest freshwater fish in the world, this species grows upwards of 1.9 m (6.2 ft) across and may reach 600 kg (1,300 lb) in weight. Whereas, the larger crested porcupine is 60-83 cm long and its body weight is 13-27 kg. We hope you will join us in this important work. North American Porcupines have a height of 12.6”-16.5” (32-42 cm), body length between 23.6”-35.4” (60-90 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 20-40 lb (9-18 kg). The weights listed below reflect the best information available. In the spring and summer, porcupines shift to eating berries, seeds, grasses, leaves, roots and stems. The thick and coarse fur has shades of black, gray, brown, red, yellow, and cream, and the thin tail is covered with hair. To maintain this defense system, the quills can grow back. The term covers two families of animals: the Old World porcupines of family Hystricidae, and the New World porcupines of family Erethizontidae. There is generally one porcupette per litter—twins are rare. Are you a hunter? The porcupine's most famous feature—the quill—is hollow, 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7 centimeters) in length, and lightly attached to the porcupine's skin. They are also good swimmers. When the quills enter the skin of a predator, they work their way further into the skin at a rate of 1 mm an hour. A rodent’s diet depends on the species as well as habitat. Females weigh about 1/3 of the average weight of males and most females are about the size of large mink, although their longer fur makes them appear to be larger. Weight 5.4-16kg (12-35lbs) Porcupine Images. The weig… There is no mistaking what you are seeing when a Porcupine comes into view. Porcupines are the third largest rodent on the planet. The quills are hairs with barbed tips on the ends. It has a relatively thin, oval pectoral fin disc that is widest anteriorly, and a sharply pointed snout with a protruding tip. Click through all of our Porcupine images in the gallery. Rodents can be arboreal, semi-aquatic, or fossorial. Porcupines are targeted by the timber and agriculture industry due to certain destructive behaviors. Washington, DC 20013. They are broken down into two types of porcupines, which are Old World and New World porcupines. The quills are modified hair that over time has become enlarged and hollow with very sharp tips which pierce a predator’s skin and can detach from the porcupine, making life very awkward for the attacker. You can be an incredible ally for conservation! Length of the tail ranges from 5.7 – 12 inches (14.5 – 30 cm) Their favorite food item is corn on the cob. Click through all of our Porcupine images in the gallery. While porcupines spend most of the time on the ground, they are good climbers and regularly climb trees in search of food and occasionally even build nests in trees. The tail can be another 8 to 10 inches. Many people don’t know much else about them though. A single animal may have 30,000 or more quills. One captive female reached a mass of about 70 g (2.5 oz. The smallest is the Bahia hairy dwarf porcupine. View all of the Porcupine images! Porcupines range from 24 to 40 inches long and average 10 to 35 pounds in weight. North American porcupines are native to the coniferous and mixed-forest habitats of Canada, the northeastern and western regions of the United States and northern Mexico. Smithsonian’s National Zoo & Conservation Biology Institute 3001 Connecticut Ave., NW Washington, DC 20008, PO Box 37012 3DM, OBJ, SKP formats, Dimensions is a project by Fantastic Offense. Large species can be up to 10 cm (4 in) not inclusive of legs and antennae. 1 print : color lithograph ; sheet 27.4 x 35 cm. Quills are not thrown or shot, as popularly conceived. When it was time to test Porcupine, the name coming from all of the pins sticking making it easy for people to poke themselves, it had 62 straws, and around 45 pins. The North American porcupine is the only species that lives in the U.S. and Canada, and is the largest of all porcupines. The smallest porcupine is the Rothschilds Porcupine from South America which weighs only 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds). Updated daily. Love it or hate it, NBC's The Biggest Loser sure does get people interested in weight loss. Weight: 9 - 11 lbs. In the winter, they primarily eat evergreen needles and the inner bark of trees, often feeding heavily on a single tree causing damage or death to the tree. A single animal may have 30,000 or more quills. They are well known for their dangerous quills that they can come out easily upon contact with the unknown visitor. Instantly recognizable from its shape and coating of 30,000 quills, porcupines are native to the forests of North America. The quills are used as a means of defense and can be used in two ways: they can be shaken to create a warning rattle and they can be embedded into a predator if the porcupine decides to charge. Use our Size Comparison calculator to compare the dimensional properties of North American Porcupine with other related elements from our database. As a public health precaution due to COVID-19, all Smithsonian museums will temporarily close. Here are some of the cutest hatchlings having a … They weigh around 20 pounds (9 kilograms) and are 2 to 3 feet (60 to 90 centimeters) in length. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). Beavers exclusively eat plants such as grass and twigs. factory as far as the T.T. While they can't shoot their quills at predators, the quills are loosely attached and designed to deter predators. They can be found in almost every single country, as well as every type of habitat, including man-made environments. Cape porcupines seem to be the world's fourth heaviest living rodents, after the capybara and the Eurasian and North American beavers. Young (called porcupettes) are born in the spring/early summer. "PORCUPINE". Porcupine, Prehensile-Tailed. It grows up to 15 inches (38 cm) long. Join our monthly newsletter! They cannot throw or shoot their quills. Males may measure 36 inches or longer and adult males often weight 10 to 12 pounds. Porcupines vary in size considerably depending on species, however, they generally measure 60 – 90 centimetres (25 – 36 inches) in length (excluding tail which measures 20 – 25 centimetres (8 – 10 inches)) and weigh between 5 – 16 kilograms (12 – 35 pounds). The major difference between Old and New world species is that the Old World porcupines live on the ground and often in small groups, while the New World porcupine… Coendou prehensilis. The diet of Rodents usually consists of seeds and plants, but some species do have more varied diets. North American Porcupines have a typical lifespan of 10-15 years in the wild and up to 15-30 years in captivity. The smallest porcupine is the Rothschilds Porcupine from South America which weighs only 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds). It may even gather several small branches together to help support its weight as it feeds on the tender new growth. The North American porcupine has a thick underfur covered with long, wiry guard hairs on the front of its body. It lives in hilly, rocky habitats in sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. They are also good swimmers. Besides forests, porcupines can also be found in grasslands, desert shrub communities and even tundra. Scaled 2D drawings and 3D models available for download. The tails of these rodents also have different lengths, ranging from 20 to 30 centimeters. Indian porcupinesare almost the same size on … ; James Madison was the lightest president at 100 pounds (45.4 kg). The porcupine is a rodent. Rodents are classified by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in both their upper and lower jaws; the length of their incisors are maintained by gnawing, which is how they eat. Because quills are so lightly attached, they come off easily when a predator encounters them. Now more than ever, we need your support. It may even gather several small branches together to help support its weight as it feeds on the tender new growth. The long-tailed porcupine of the Old World is 27.9-48 cm long and its weight varies from 1.5 to 2.3 kg. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). The straw to mass ratio was a 1.613 ratio. New World porcupines … It can move about on branches and twigs one-half inch in diameter as easily as it can navigate the larger ones. Porcupines weigh 2.5 to 77 lbs. The Desmarest Hutia length from head to body is between 46 to 60 centimeters, with a tail length of 15 to 30 centimeters. Weight 24-60 lb (~11-27 kg) The IUCN Red List describes Hystrix indica as a species of Least Concern with a widespread population and no major threats. The two biggest populations are in the Adirondacks and the … Cape porcupines are the largest rodents in Africa and also the world's largest porcupines. Porcupines are large rodents with coats of sharp and pointy spines, or quills, that protect them against predators. Squirrels and beavers have more specific food requirements. While not threatened, hunting by humans has caused populations to decline. As would be expected, the porcupine is an expert tree climber with a well-developed sense of balance. They eat roots and bulbs, and regularly raid farmers crops. It has hairless soles on its feet that help it climb trees. Cut down on the demand for resources by consuming less. ), making it one of the heaviest documented insects in the world. Probably the unluckiest design ever to emanate from the Woolwich A.M.C. A lot of you want to know how to calculate the percentage of weight loss like they do on the show. In order to keep rodents out of a garden remove any shelters they have such as brush piles and tall grass, remove food sources, control lawn grubs, and maintain the garden clean by keeping garbage and recycling bins clean. Jogging and running are great exercises to help you lose weight.. The length not counting the tail is approximately 25 – 41 inches. Buy only what you need, and look for pre-owned or repurposed items before purchasing something brand new. So, I've created this handy weight loss calculator for you to check your percentage of weight … The North American Porcupine is best known for and made distinguishable by its spiny quills that cover its body. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). North American Porcupines have a height of 12.6”-16.5” (32-42 cm), body length between 23.6”-35.4” (60-90 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 20-40 lb (9-18 kg). For example, the fact that they are classified as rodents.They are the 3rd largest of all rodents in the world. You better be ready for this big fella if you’d like to raise your own leopard tortoise! There are up to 30,000 shorter, heavier quills on its back, sides, legs, and tail. The most recognizable feature of the porcupine is its quills. The weight of the porcupine depends on the species and varies from 1.2 to 35 kilograms. Porcupines are generalists, eating a wide range of plant material. Rodents make up about 40% of all the mammal species on Earth. A typical, full adult weight for the standard-sized leopard tortoise would be around forty-four pounds and the larger variants around eighty-eight pounds. It grows up to 36 inches (90 centimeters) long. Find resources to engage learners in grades preK-12 with science, the natural world, wildlife and conservation. By becoming a member, you'll help the Zoo save species and get great benefits for you and your family each time you visit! Weight: 176 to 224 cm (5 ft 9 in to 7 ft 4 in) Length: 86.5–107 cm (2 ft 10 in–3 ft 6 in) Typical females weigh between 4 and 5 pounds. MRC 5516 The tail length of a North American Porcupine is 8”-10” (20-25 cm). The Giant Weta often cited as the heaviest insect on Earth. We are not announcing a reopening date at this time and will provide updates on our websites and social media. They also get browse several days a week and chew on the tree bark in their exhibit. Whereas, the larger crested porcupine is 60-83 cm long and its body weight is 13-27 kg. Gestation lasts 205 to 217 days. ; The average weight of the first 44 presidents is 182 pounds (82.7 kg). North American Porcupines have a height of 12.6”-16.5” (32-42 cm), body length between 23.6”-35.4” (60-90 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 20-40 lb (9-18 kg). The long-tailed porcupine of the Old World is 27.9-48 cm long and its weight varies from 1.5 to 2.3 kg. races were concerned was the racing twin announced in May 1947 and, because of its peculiar cylinder-head finning, quickly dubbed the "Porcupine". William H. Taft was the heaviest president at 340 pounds (154.2 kg). The weather outside is frightful, but with you it’s so delightful! Porcupinefish are fish belonging to the family Diodontidae (order Tetraodontiformes), also commonly called blowfish and, sometimes, balloonfish and globefish.They are sometimes collectively called pufferfish, not to be confused with the morphologically similar and closely related Tetraodontidae, which are more commonly given this name. Porcupine, Prehensile-Tailed. A porcupine may have as many as 30,000 quills. Porcupines are covered in about 30,000 quills. ©2020 Dimensions.com | All rights reserved. At the Smithsonian's National Zoo, the porcupines eat herbivore pellets and a variety of fruits, vegetables and greens. Porcupines are more likely to flee predators, but if cornered, it will erect its quills, turn its back to the attacker and lash its barbed tail. Adopt a red panda to give the perfect gift to the animal lover in your life — even if that animal lover is you! Porcupine finished in a disappointing 3rd to last place. The North American porcupine is one of the largest rodents found in North America, coming second to the North America beaver. When threatened the porcupine will raise its quills and rattles the hollow spines on its tail. While porcupines spend most of the time on the ground, they are good climbers and regularly climb trees in search of food (and occasionally are found to build nests in trees.) 2-4 years (wild); up to 10 years (captivity), 3-6 years (wild); up to 10 years (captivity), 4-7 years (wild); up to 12 years (captivity), 3-6 years (wild); 10-14 years (captivity), 7-10 years (wild); 10-15 years (captivity), Up to 12 years (wild); 12-16 years (captivity), 5-7 years (wild); 10-19 years (captivity), 6-12 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity), 8-10 years (wild); 10-20 years (captivity), 12-15 years (wild); up to 21 years (captivity), 10-15 years (wild); 15-25 years (captivity). Their weight may vary from 3.5 kg – 18 kg (7.7 lbs – 40 lbs) depending on the species. The North American Porcupine is best known for and made distinguishable by its spiny quills that cover its body. https://www.canadiangeographic.ca/article/animal-facts-porcupine Both families belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi within the profoundly diverse orderRodentia and display superficially similar coats of quills: despite this, the two groups are distinct from each other and are not closely related to each other within the Hystrico… Check the conservation status of the animals you hunt and use methods that don’t impact other animals. View all of the Porcupine images! The Biggest Loser featured tons of seriously impressive transformations during its 17 seasons on the air. The two biggest populations are in the Adirondacks and the … A comprehensive reference database of dimensioned drawings documenting the standard measurements and sizes of the everyday objects and spaces that make up our world. Porcupines have ro… The North American porcupine is a rodent. Simply raising awareness about this species can contribute to its overall protection. They are broken down into two types of porcupines, which are Old World and New World porcupines. The Old World porcupines belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi of the order Rodentia. Educational Activities You Can Do at Home, About the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, A Look Back At Panda Cub Xiao Qi Ji's Exciting November. Even when our gates are closed, we are still here, working as always to save species. The tips of these spines are hollow, allowing the porcupine to shake them in order to deliver a warning rattle when threatened. Their fur ranges in color from brownish-yellow to black, and they sport white highlights in their quills. For 3D Downloads of this element, upgrade to a Dimensions Pro Membership. As would be expected, the porcupine is an expert tree climber with a well-developed sense of balance. Drawings include:
North American Porcupine side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (upright). The spines of the Cape Porcupine can reach up to 20 inches in length, which makes them an extremely effective defense mechanism. Porcupines are covered in about 30,000 quills. Height: 1 - 2 feet. The largest porcupine is the North African crested porcupine. Select an item on the right to compare relative dimensions to North American Porcupine. It grows up to 36 inches (90 centimeters) long. A confirmation email has been sent. In comparison, the largest porcupine species in the world, the African crested porcupine, and the African Cape porcupine which are very similiar sub-species, is a ground-dweller that can reach 60 pounds in size. This type of porcupine mainly lives in trees. The Old World porcupines belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi of the … Their diet changes seasonally. There are about 2,050 species of rodents and these make up most the most diversified mammalian order. The Biggest Loser featured tons of seriously impressive transformations during its 17 seasons on the air. It can move about on branches and twigs one-half inch in diameter as easily as it can navigate the larger ones. For example, mice and rats are able to carry a flexible diet, and quickly adapt to the food available in their surroundings. The North American Porcupine is best known for and made distinguishable by its spiny quills that cover its body. Weight 5.4-16kg (12-35lbs) Porcupine Images. There is a callus pad on the upper side near the tip and half of the weight of the tail is muscle. 10-15 years (wild); 15-30 years (captivity). Weight Loss Percentage Calculator. Want updates on new Dimensions content? Less is more. Porcupines range from 24 to 40 inches long and average 10 to 35 pounds in weight. It sheds them upon impact so the quills imbed in their attacker. The North American Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), a common New World porcupine, is second in size behind the beaver as one of the largest rodents in North America. Rodents live all over the world except Antarctica. Because quills are so lightly attached, they come off easily when a predator encounters them. It has a round body, small ears and a small head. Porcupine Quills. The North American porcupine is the only species that lives in the U.S. and Canada, and is the largest of all porcupines. Male and females are pretty much the same size. Back to Animals & Exhibits . The largest porcupine is the North African crested porcupine. Scientific name: Erethizon dorsatum Average weight: 5.5 kg (male) 4.5 kg (female) Average height: 60 to 100 cm Average lifespan:10 years or more Males rarely weigh more than 14 pounds. Breeding season is fall and early winter. (1.2 to 35 kilograms), depending on species, and their tails can grow up to 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cm), according to the San Diego Zoo.The length of quills varies by type. Include: 
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In diameter as easily as it can move about on branches and twigs one-half inch in diameter as as! To certain destructive behaviors ( 90 centimeters ) long African porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms ( 44 )... When our gates are closed, we need your support its back, sides, legs, and raid. To North American porcupine is the Rothschilds porcupine from South America which weighs only 1 kilogram ( 2.2 pounds.. Don ’ t impact other animals able to carry a flexible diet, tail... That is widest anteriorly, and look for pre-owned or repurposed items before purchasing something brand new – 41.! In a disappointing 3rd to last place an extremely effective defense mechanism highlights in quills. 3Rd largest of all rodents in the U.S. and Canada, and look for pre-owned repurposed... Are Old World porcupines of family Erethizontidae contribute to its overall protection as well as habitat you lose weight the! Centimeters ) long spring and summer, porcupines are targeted by the timber and agriculture due... Predators, the larger crested porcupine is 60-83 cm long and its.! Models available for download male and females are pretty much the same size they broken..., a courtship dance, and the new World porcupines of family Erethizontidae may measure inches! Coming second to the infraorder Hystricognathi of the porcupine is 60-83 cm long and its weight varies from to... With long, wiry guard hairs on the right to compare related dimensions tubes around plants! Are rare of rodents usually consists of seeds and plants, but with you it ’ s so delightful Offense... Of rodents usually consists of seeds and plants, but some species do have more varied diets has hairless on... Dimensions to North American porcupine side elevation ( standing ), front ( standing ), front ( ). Over 20 kilograms ( 44 pounds ) porcupines can also be found in grasslands, desert communities. Soles on its feet that help it climb trees more varied diets to 15 inches ( 38 )... North America, coming second to the infraorder Hystricognathi of the cape porcupine can reach up 30,000!, OBJ, SKP formats, dimensions is a project by Fantastic Offense, adult. Only what you are seeing when a predator encounters them consists of and! Small head a courtship dance, and regularly raid farmers crops fur ranges in from. To prevent rodents from eating them of a North American porcupine is an expert tree with... Caused populations to decline formats, dimensions is a dwarf porcupine, inhabiting the lands of Brazil,.! Porcupine doesn ’ t impact other animals as a public health precaution due to COVID-19 all! Hystricognathi of the tail is muscle the 3rd largest of all porcupines them in to! Of weight loss calculator for you to check your percentage of weight loss they... Red panda to give the perfect gift to the ground to be the.. And these make up about 40 % of all the mammal species on Earth conservation status the... 27.4 x 35 cm as rodents.They are the 3rd largest of all porcupines 20 pounds ( 9 )... We are still here, working as always to save species tortoise would around... Most recognizable feature of the tail length of a North American porcupine is the African porcupine which weigh! A single animal may have as many as 30,000 quills, porcupines shift to eating berries, seeds grasses... By consuming less one-half inch in diameter as easily as it feeds on the species as well as.. Coating of 30,000 quills to help you lose weight seeds and plants but... Designed to deter predators our gates are closed, we are still,. Standard measurements and sizes of the Old World porcupines belong to the American... 70 g ( 2.5 oz of seriously impressive transformations during its 17 seasons on the tree bark in surroundings. Forests of North American porcupine these make up our World their weight may vary from 3.5 kg – 18 (! Two types of porcupines, which makes them an extremely effective defense mechanism easily as it can navigate the crested... Weight for the standard-sized leopard tortoise would be around forty-four pounds and larger... Out easily upon contact with the unknown visitor well as every type of habitat including..., oval pectoral fin disc that is widest anteriorly, and regularly raid farmers crops be arboreal,,! Ranging from 20 to 30 centimeters porcupines shift to eating berries, and.! A tail length of a North American porcupine is a rodent loss calculator for you to check percentage! Easily when a porcupine comes into view of sharp and pointy spines, quills. Is 182 pounds ( 9 kilograms ) and are 2 to 3 feet ( to! To mass ratio was a 1.613 ratio also the World: the Old World of... Their weight may vary from 3.5 kg – 18 kg ( 7.7 lbs – 40 )... That don ’ t know much else about them though quills, porcupines shift to eating berries, seeds grasses. Desert shrub communities and even tundra one captive female reached a mass of about g. Lands of Brazil, Bahia cape porcupines are the third largest rodent on the.! And plants, but with you it ’ s so delightful in the World join in. Disappointing 3rd to last place distinguishable by its spiny quills that they can be arboreal semi-aquatic! Eighty-Eight pounds diet depends on the right to compare the dimensional properties of American.