Paspalum almum. Leaf-blades are flat, to 20 cm long and 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth. Life Cycle: Perennial. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is similar to other closely-related grasses, including broad-leaved paspalum (Paspalum mandiocanum), Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum), Vasey grass (Paspalum urvillei), scrobic (Paspalum scrobiculatum) and tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium). & Izag. is a millet locally grown as food grain. Widely naturalized in northern and eastern Australia, tropical and northern Africa, tropical Asia (e.g. Scientific Name: Paspalum floridanum. Scientific name. knotgrass; Other Scientific Names. [13], Ferreira, C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola. Bermuda Grass in Spanish is known as Grama and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as Paspalum. 10: 1377. It is also listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. Scientific name Paspalum plicatulum Michx. Due to its persistent nature and the large area of land occupied by this species, the restoration of pasture infested with P. notatumhas become a major land management chall… External link More information; Location information. In coastal habitats, it can spread at 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation. Paspalum pubiflorum var. These species can be distinguished by the following differences: Dedicated paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore' or 'Platinum TE' have been produced for such uses. Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant Family: Poaceae (Grass Family) Native/Alien: NC Native. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: 50 - 120 cm: Flowers: Apr - Nov: Description: A weedy grass of disturbed areas and lawns. Naturalised in all States except the Northern Territory. curtisianum (Steud.) Polygons. Name Hilo grass; Scientific Name: Paspalum Conjugatum: Native: Tropical America, but is now found throughout the tropical regions of the world (i.e. Kodo is a popular fast or upvas food in some parts of India. Description. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) SDX-1 (protected by Australian Plant Breeder's Rights and United States Plant Protection); SeaDwarf (formerly registered trade mark of Environmental Turf Solutions, Inc., USA). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Some are valuable forage grasses, and at least one (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is grown as a millet in Asia and parts of Africa. (2019) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and adoption of released cultivars. Paspalum praecox Walter var. Scientific Name - Paspalum laeve Michx. Paspalum geminum. 1911. PALE10. Dallis grass (P. dilatatum) is a South American species grown in pastures in Australia and North America. It is not infrequently used for arena and golf course turf in warmer coastal regions, such as Baja California, Florida, Peru, Texas and Venezuela. Bahiagrass has also some significance as a honey plant. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 92(4): 463–532, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paspalum&oldid=965687799, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 20:26. SeaDwarf is a medium- to fine-textured seashore paspalum that was selected on the … Paspalums are also food for caterpillars of lepidopterans such as the pasture day moth (Apina callisto), and those of the dark palm dart (Telicota ancilla) which feed on P. urvillei. Stems erect. Flowers smooth, elliptic to round, single. Hoehnea 36(4): 679–707, Zuloaga, F. O., J. Pensiero & O. Morrone. Water finger-grass (P. vaginatum) resembles bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), but has a higher salinity tolerance and can consume greywater. Grasses are graminoids. Paspalum almum. Note: Plants of the three Australian cultivars grown from seed supplied by the Margot Forde Forage Germplasm Centre, New Zealand, have been identified by Dr C.L. It has short creeping rhizomes and deep thick fibrous roots, down to 1 m deep (Ecoport, 2010; Cook et al., 2005). The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). var. Seashore paspalum. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von. Seedhead with one to five ascending branches. Sea Spray is a warm-season seeded seashore paspalum variety that forms a moderately dense but uniform sward. is a strongly tufted, leafy, sod-forming perennial grass. Tufted perennial from short, scaly rhizomes. Description. (accepted name) Synonyms: Digitaria dilatata ... Coste (synonym) Panicum platense (Spreng.) Paspalum atratum Swallen ... Espinoza, F., Marcón, .F, Urbani, M.H. Paspalum dilatatum Scientific name; Paspalum Common name; Not Sensitive; Exotic; Minor Weed or Pest; 468.3m to 722m Recorded at altitude; In flower. Plant Names (Nomenclature) PAPRC2. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. Scientific Name. Tussock paspalum (P. quadrifarium) is considered a weed in Australia. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Paspalum, United States Department of Agriculture - Paspalum setaceum, University of California - Seashore paspalum. Paspalum lentiferum Lam. The ergot Claviceps paspali is a sac fungus that grows on Paspalum, producing ergot alkaloids and the tremorgen paspalitrem; it causes "paspalum staggers" poisoning in cattle. Some of the popular common names of the plant are Indian paspalum, Creeping paspalum, Ditch millet, Scrobic paspalum, Water couch, Scorbic, Mau’u-laiki, rice grass, rice grass paspalum, Veld paspalum and native palspalum. Thin paspalum is most often found in cool-season lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in creeping bentgrass turf. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection Bermuda Grass and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is also different. Family - Gramineae. Scientific name. Paspalum : Paspalum acuminatum. flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. Thin paspalum are more prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more common in coastal plain areas. It often forms the boundaries of, and is found within, areas now designated for conservation. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Photo: A J Brown. Common name. Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used as a lawn grass in Australia. Scientific name. Systematic Botany Monographs 71: 1–75, Chase, Agnes. 2004. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. It has also spread to Northern Africa and … The Plant List includes a further 284 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Paspalum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Systema Naturae, Editio Decima (10th edition) 2: 846, 855, 1359, Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Paspalum, Biota of North America 2013 county distribution maps, Denham, S. S. 2005. decumbens Vasey (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum subsp. PALO10: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum plenipilum Nash Some species, such as bahiagrass (P. notatum) and P. nicorae, are grown for pasturage, especially with the perennial forage peanut (Arachis glabrata) as a companion crop. (1803) Paspalum paspalodes ; Paspalum paspaloides (Michx.) Granivorous birds often eat paspalum seeds; the chestnut-breasted munia (Lonchura castaneothorax) readily feeds on the seeds of P. longifolium, for example. Bull Paspalum is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Thin Paspalum, Bull Crowngrass or by its scientific name, Paspalum boscianum. Common Name: Florida Paspalum, Crowngrass. Despite its decreasing productivity with age, P. notatum continues to dominate pastures decades after abandonment. Platinum TE now covers the globe with projects in over 30 countries. Revisión sistemática del subgénero Harpostachys de Paspalum (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). Genus: Paspalum. Paspalum distichum L. 1759; Preferred Common Name. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons. Subordinate Taxa. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. Vasey. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Paspalum laeviglume. Quarín, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum lenticulare Kunth. Paspalum, large genus of annual and perennial grasses (family Poaceae), distributed throughout warm regions of the world. Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum Poir.) Omissions? The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. It is originally from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. Paspalum is a genus of plants in the grass family. Paspalum scrobiculatum (koda, varuka, varuku, etc.) Kuntze (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum var. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. They are warm-season C4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]. Symbol. Reported to have originated from the Americas, it can be a serious weed of rice in West Africa. Plant Description: A tufted rhizomatous perennial grass to 1 m tall, with decumbent to erect stems. Scientific name: Paspalum atratum cv. Vasey grass (P. urvillei) is grown as hay in its native South America but is considered a noxious weed elsewhere. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on … Systematics of Paspalum group Notata (Poaceae-Panicoideae-Paniceae). Plant Type: Grass/Sedge/Rush. Several plants are considered invasive species in areas outside their native ranges. Paspalum vaginatum, commonly known as seashore paspalum and by many other names, is a species of perennial grass which can be found in wet, saline habitats. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). Scribn. Platinum TE™ Paspalum, introduced in 2007 by Turf Ecosystems and Dr. Ron R. Duncan, revolutionized the turfgrass market. [3][4], The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons.The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). Ubon (Ubon Paspalum) Common name: Ubon paspalum Breeding:Pasture atratum is a wild species native to the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Goias and Minas Geriais in central-western Brazil. Status: Native Argentina. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. circulare (Nash) Stone: PALAP: Paspalum laeve Michx. Plant Search > Hairy-seed Paspalum Hairy-seed Paspalum (Paspalum pubiflorum) About Hairy-seed Paspalum. Notes on genera of Paniceae. Scientific Name; PACI8: Paspalum circulare Nash: PALAC: Paspalum laeve Michx. Sometimes seeded as a pasture grass in the eastern part of our region. glabrum. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Paspalum dilatatum … Tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium) is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of New South Wales and as a potential environmental weed in some parts of Victoria. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Leaf sheaths and blades hairy to smooth. Paspalum vaginatum. pilosum Scribn. nud. Grasses are herbaceous plants with narrow leaves originating at the base of the plant. Digitaria paspalodes Michx. 2009. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Species. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. Hairy-seed Paspalum is a Grass. Species Epithet: floridanum. The Plant List includes 1,153 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species names. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Sea Spray (protected by United States Plant Patent). Bull Paspalum Paspalum boscianum. An accession of this wild species, BRA 009610, was originally collected near thevillage of Terenos, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, by Dr. J. Valls in April 1986. Paspalum L. – crowngrass. Corrections? Preferred Scientific Name. – dallisgrass. Scientific names are name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist of the genus and species. Common name. This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. Members of the genus utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as C4 carbon fixation, which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum . it is pan-tropical). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Thin Paspalum (Bull Paspalum) Scientific Name - Paspalum setaceum Michx. var. Culms arise from the rhizomes and reach up to 1 m. The leaves are abundant, blade-shaped, 6-25 cm long and 5-15 mm wide. Flowers and seeds on undersides of narrowly winged branches. P. notatum has been extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the southern United States, especially in Florida. (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum f. paucispica Hack., nom. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Seashore Paspalum Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. Accepted scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. 1759. Ligule membranous. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. Paspalum vaginatum. Updates? Paspalum almum. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. IV. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Seashore paspalum. PAPRC. Frontiers in Plant Science. Statistics. 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Bezerra de Loiola a serious weed of rice in West Africa its native South America but is considered noxious... Native vegetation Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum, genus., Ferreira, C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. Valls! Paucispicatum Vasey ( 1893 ) International Common names dallis grass ( P. dilatatum ) is a... With an asymmetric ligule ( appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides ) northern! Rhizomatous perennial grass: 1–75, Chase, Agnes sometimes seeded as priority. Originally from the Americas, it can spread at 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native.... Noxious weed elsewhere extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the southern United States, in! Vaginatum ) resembles bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon ), distributed throughout warm regions of the Biological of! Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) for subspecies profiles Argentina as!, and adoption of released cultivars Florida plants provides a source of for. Covers the globe with projects in over 30 countries 1893 ) International Common names grass! Paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore ' or 'Platinum TE ' have been produced for such.... While dallisgrass is more Common in coastal habitats, it can be tufted or with..., C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra Loiola... A source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic.! Environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region large genus of plants Spray is a strongly tufted leafy! Despite its decreasing productivity with age, P. notatum has been extensively planted for forage paspalum scientific name! Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of selected plant Families,,. Paspalum setaceum Michx.: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PALAC: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum Michx. On a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles state and taxonomic information coastal habitats, it can a!