Patagonian Desert (670,000) Desert of Syria (409,000) Chihuahua Desert (362,600) Desert relief features . A severe quake in 1931 was followed by an even more destructive one in 1935. temperature, rainfall and Climatic Regions Q.3 Discuss following geographical featureS in Pakistan Here rainfall is … It has the area of 175,000 square kilometers. Highest point: K2 (Mt. At least 20,000 people were killed. There is no stream of fresh water in the region. In Pakistan, the desert covers eastern Sind province and the southeastern portion of Pakistan's Punjab province. In India, the desert extends from Gujarat in the west to Punjab and Haryana in the north and northeast, the Aravalli range in the southeast and the Rann of Kutch in the south. In fact, India has every possible landscape that the earth has. collect and represent different facts of uttar Pradesh. The physical features of Pakistan are no similar everywhere. It is covering the large areas of Pakistan and India. Deserts In Pakistan Deserts: 1. [2] The Sutlej river, however, is mostly on the Indian side of the border. The Thal Desert is located in Punjab Pakistan near the Pothohar Plateau. The Salt Range is a hill system in the Punjab province of Pakistan, deriving its name from its extensive deposits of rock salt. Thus there are three mountain ranges in northern Pakistan: Karakoram, Himalayas and Hindu Kush. Nara and Tharparker Deserts 15. The tragedy is that approximately 68 hectares area of Pakistan consists of deserts where annual rain fall is less than 300 mm. This area is subject to frequent seismic disturbances because the tectonic plate under the Indian plate collides with the plate under Eurasia as it continues to move northward and to push the Himalayas ever higher. There are coastal areas along the Arabian Sea and mountains of the Karakoram Range in the north part of Pakistan. Although a large area has been irrigated by canals but still many parts of the desert are barren. Please see the List of Indian sweets and desserts for more details. Shaded relief map shows landscape features, such as mountains, valleys and plateaus. The desert areas also support wildlife including desert gazelles, bustards, … The topography of Pakistan is divided into eight geographic areas: the northern highlands, the Indus River plain, the desert areas, the Pothohar Plateau, Balochistan Plateau, Salt Range, and the Sistan Basin. Plains 3. Punjab means the "land of five waters": the Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, and Sutlej rivers. ▪ Basins of Northern Balochistan Some of these arid and semi-arid regions like, Sahara and Kalahari in Africa, the Thar in India and Pakistan, the great Australian desert, Mohave desert in the United States, the Gobi desert in Mongolia, Patagonia in South America etc. [2] The Warsak Dam on the Kabul River near Peshawar is smaller. Indus Valley Desert. About 25 percent of exports is Pakistan's famous fragrant Basmati rice. The desert coversan area of 200,000 square km. The physical features of Pakistan are no similar everywhere. Deserts In Pakistan Deserts: 1. The Thar Region forms part of the bigger desert of the same name that sprawls over a vast area of Pakistan and India from Cholistan to Nagarparkar in Pakistan and from the south of the Haryana down to Rajasthan in India. Tremors continue in the vicinity of Quetta; the most recent major earthquake occurred in October 2008. Replies. The physical features of the plateau are very varied but mountains, plateaus and basins predominate the scene. There are some hilly tracks called Parkar. It means that the land of Pakistan is different in various regions from its type. 11. The central region is known as Kalat. Pakistan has two major river dams: the Tarbela Dam on the Indus River, near the early Buddhist site at Taxila, and the Mangla Dam on the Jhelum River, where Punjab borders Azad Kashmir, built as part of the Indus Basin Project. The northern mountains and the mountains of western North, http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Pakistan-TOPOGRAPHY.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Topography_of_Pakistan&oldid=987063445, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 17:56. The Kharan Desert is located in Northeast Balochistan. - 22r + 117 then evaluate (x2 – 221 + 117) + (x = 13)​. The snow leopards are huge cat species which are indigenous to the mountainous ranges of South and Central Asia. A large canal-building project is currently underway to irrigate the land. • Deserts tend to have sparse vegetation due to low moisture, and high relief due to short duration catastrophic rain with no vegetation to hold soils. This is a list of Pakistani sweets and desserts.Many varieties of desserts exist in Pakistani cuisine.Some sweets are the same or are similar to Indian sweets, due to the two countries shared cultural heritage. I AM don. Pakistan - Pakistan - The desert areas: The southeastern part of the Indus plain, from eastern Bahawalpur to the Thar Parkar region in the south, is a typical desert, an extension of the Thar Desert between Pakistan and India. Irrigation will make most of the desert suitable for farming. It is spanning into the area of more than 19,000 Square KM. Between these ranges of the Himalayas is an area the people of Central and South Asia consider to be the roof of the world. The name Indus comes from the Sanskrit word "sindhu", meaning "ocean", from which also come the words Sindh, Hindu, and India. Desert 23.jpg 3,264 × 1,840; 916 KB. However, in Nagarparkar there are two perennial springs, namely Anchlesar and Sardhro, as well as temporary streams called Bhatuyani River and Gordhro River which flow during the rainy season. relief features are those features which are related to landscape of those areas, eg. Some of the animals of Pakistan include: 10. The major deserts are: Thar, Cholistan, Thall, and ; Kharan; These areas receive very little rain fall and are have large tracts of barren wastelands, with formation of sand dunes rising sometime to 150 m above ground level. Crossing almost 15-20 kilometers long deserted ground at the temperature of 48 C heat.jpg 4,896 × 2,752; 3.26 MB. The Thar Desert is located in Bhakkar district of Pakistan just as between the Indus and Jhelum rivers. The land of India displays great physical variation. The wide range of physical features of India makes the country a complete geographical study. Pakistan officially is called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. 1. The desert is widely known for its extremely arid climatic conditions. Land between two rivers is called DOAB in the local language.[i.e. Pakistan is situated in the western part of the Indian subcontinent, with Afghanistan and Iran on the west, India on the east, and the Arabian Sea on the south. They are bounded to the north-west by the Hindu Kush mountain range and to the north by the Karakoram. • Deserts tend to have sparse vegetation due to low moisture, and high relief due to short … Thal Desert 2. Rice is Pakistan's second leading source of export earnings. There are three relief (Physical Features) of Pakistan. Pakistan hosts five major deserts which were historic forests. Add your answer and earn points. In India, it covers about 320,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi), of which 60% is in Rajasthan and extends into Gujarat, Punjab, an The study of physical map of Pakistan shows that Pakistan has a number of peculiar features. The Cold Desert is a high-altitude desert located near Skardu, in Pakistan's northern Gilgit-Baltistan region. Deserts are classified according to the reason for their dryness. 10. • Evaporation equals or exceeds rainfall. Q.2 Discuss factors affecting climate of Pakistan i.e. This is an extensive area of 347,190 km2 with a number of distinct natural topographical and drainage features that can be identified as follows: Pakistan is divided into three major geographic areas: the northern highlands; the Indus River plain, with two major subdivisions corresponding roughly to the provinces of Punjab and Sindh; and the Balochistan Plateau. Thal Desert 2. The Himalayas stretch continuously for about 2500 km from east to west. It is nearly twice the size of California. Some physical features of the Thar Desert are that it slopes and has large uneven sand dunes. The desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests. [1] The Indus Valley Desert is located in the northern area of Pakistan. Describe the drainage patterns of the desert areas of Pakistan. Join now. When there is rain these valleys are moist enough to allow cultivation and when not cultivated, grass grows. Deserts Of Pakistan. Pakistan’s fauna reflects the state’s varied climate. 1. (b) Muslim leadership emerged this time. Mountains 2. Kharan Desert, which is counted among the most famous and largest deserts of Pakistan, lies amid the vast swathes of the barrenness of Balochistan. Ask your question. These dams, along with a series of headworks and barrages built by the British and expanded since the independence of Pakistan in 1947, are of vital importance to the national economy and played an important role in calming the raging floodwaters of 1992, which devastated large areas in the northern highlands and the Punjab plains. Plateau Mountains Geography . The Potwar Plateau (also Potowar or Potohar) is a plateau in the province of Punjab, Pakistan and the western parts of Pakistan administered Kashmir. Amongst the variety desserts are, by far, the most loved by Pakistanis. It is the [[List of deserts by area|seventeenth largest desert] on the planet and the third largest in [Asia]. India is east of Pakistan. The major part of our country consists of fertile alluvial plain that is drained by the river Indus and its tributaries; it has lofty mountains on the north and west and a few deserts areas also, thus Pakistan can be divided into the following regions: The Katpana Desert at Skardu, Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan, this desert is also known as the "Cold Desert".. However, a significant part of this desert lies in Rajasthan. In January 1991 a severe earthquake destroyed entire villages in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, but it was luckily not as bad as 1935 where almost all of Quetta was destroyed 5. The southeast … The Himalayas and the Northern Plains are the most recent landforms. THE DESERTS OF PAKISTAN Thar (Sindh) The Thar Desert (Hindi: also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large, arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. The largest desert is the Kharan Desert which occupies the most of Kharan District. In India, the desert extends from Gujarat in the west to Punjab and Haryana in the north and northeast, the Aravalli range in the southeast and the Rann of Kutch in the south. The [Thar Desert] spans a stammering 446 square kilometres and covers large areas of both Pakistan and India. There are three relief (Physical Features) of Pakistan. There are countless desserts to try in Pakistan but due to certain limitations, we will only be covering THIRTEEN best desi desserts that everyone should try at least once in their lifetime. Here rainfall is very low and large number of sand dunes are found. • Boulder gets about 62 cm (24 in) of rain per year. The desert contains expanses of large sand dunes that are sometimes covered in snow during winter. 1- Dunes They are geographic features of the desert (Kalman & Mac Aulay, 2008, page 20) that are constructed by the wind (George, 2007, p.195) with soft, uniform layers. The upper Indus Basin includes Punjab; the lower Indus Basin begins at the Panjnad River (the confluence of the eastern tributaries of the Indus) and extends south to the coast. Pothohar Plateau is bounded on the east by the Jhelum River, on the west by the Indus River, on the north by the Kala Chitta Range and the Margalla Hills, and on the south by the Salt Range. It is believed that the Salt Range was founded by the horses of Alexander the Great's army. The official language of Pakistan is Urdu, but most public officials, people, and others in Pakistan also speak English; English is referred to as the informal official language of Pakistan. The deserts in Pakistan and India fall in the category of the Monsoon Deserts. Coal of a medium quality is also found. Mountains 2. Reply Delete. Geologically, the Peninsular Plateau constitutes one of the ancient land masses on the earth’s surface. The name Pakistan is derived from the Urdu words Pak (meaning pure) and stan (meaning country). Explain how the desert topographical features influence the lifestyle of people? In much of Pakistan, the climate is tropical or subtropical, semi-arid or desert, but in the north there are also: an area near the mountains which is quite rainy, a cold mountainous area, and a frigid area on the peaks of the Himalayas. However, a significant part of this desert lies in Rajasthan. Balochistan is located at the eastern edge of the Iranian plateau and in the border region between Southwest, Central, and South Asia. Situated at an elevation of 2,226 metres (7,303 feet) above sea level, the Katpana Desert is one of the highest deserts in the world. Southern Pakistan despite being more hot then the northern areas experience less rainfall because of temperature inversion layer. 1,046-kilometre is the total length of the coastline which it shares with Gulf of … Deserts of Pakistan.jpg 711 × 545; 63 KB. The contrast between these ranges is geologically interesting. The area is mostly deserted and consists of barren tracts of sand dunes … In the southern part of the province of Punjab, the British attempted to harness the irrigation power of the water over 100 years ago when they established what came to be known as the Canal Colonies. The [Kharan Desert] is located in Northeast Balochistan (a Pakistan state). Home Pakistan Sindh > > > Punjab > > Balochistan KP > Islamabad Gilgit-Baltistan AJK Contact Parks of pakistan Parks of pakistan. it is world's seventeenth largest desert. Lowest point: Sea level The arravelli range belongs to the Archean system which constitutes the oldest rocks of the earth's crust. However, the Thar Desert is named to be the largest desert of Pakistan. THAR DESERT-Krishna veda INTRODUCTION  The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large, arid region in the northwestern part of the Indin subcontinental that forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan. The desert occupies an area of about 150,000 square km. The desert hosts an annual jeep rally, which draws many tourists. This area has been inhabited by agricultural civilizations for at least 5,000 years. The Indus Valley Desert lies between two major rivers in the region, the Chenab and the Indus. Reply Delete. The name "Cholistan" is derived from the Turkish word "chol," meaning "desert," though the desert is locally known as Rohi. It has been spanning the area of around 175,000 square kilometers. The categories of deserts are subtropical deserts, coastal deserts, rain shadow deserts, interior deserts and polar deserts. The above map of Pakistan was created using a digital elevation model. Tilla Jogian, 2nd highest peak in Potwar Log in. There are chains of high mountains which are covered with snow throughout the year and also fertile lands and green valleys. Urdu was created by combining the languages of early invaders and settlers, including Arabic, Persian, and Turkish. Private traders handle all exports. 12. The deserts of Pakistan cover 11 mha (13.82%) of the land situated in the central and southeastern regions. Replies. The only hills are in Nagarparkar, on the Northern edge of the Runn of Kutchh, which belong to quite a different geological range. It is separated from the central irrigated zone of the plains by the dry bed of the Ghaggar River in Bahawalpur and the eastern Nara Canal in Sind. What are the relief features of thar desert Get the answers you need, now! The Sind Plain 4. 10. The irrigation project, which facilitated the emergence of intensive cultivation despite semi-arid conditions, resulted in important social and political transformations. The area was the home of the [Soanian | Soanian Culture], which is evidenced by the discovery of fossils, tools, coins, and remains of ancient archaeological sites. Cholistan Desert 3. 22/06/2020 Islamabad – Swarms of Desert Locust can be of millions, fly up to 150 kilometers per day, and may travel nearly 2,000 kilometers in their lifetime to find a … 1. The study of physical map of Pakistan shows that Pakistan has a number of peculiar features. There are also vast deserts in Pakistan. The ridges are irregular and roughly parallel, they rise to a height of about 46 metres and often create valleys. The Cholistan Desert adjoins the Thar Desert spreading into Pakistani Punjab province. sara 18 June 2019 at 07:28. please send me all the notes of geography who are you. Pakistan is one of few countries in the world to have every kind of geological structure. offers some of the most amazing views of sand dunes, the beauty of which is amplified by a flawless canopy of blue The remainder of Pakistani-administered Kashmir consists of Gilgit and Baltistan, known collectively as the Northern Areas. With an area of more than 200,000 sq. Pakistan is a major rice exporter and annually exports about 2 million tons, or about 10 percent of world trade. Deserts are areas that receive very little precipitation.People often use the adjectives “hot,” “dry,” and “empty” to describe deserts, but these words do not tell the whole story. mi.) gargashi1967 gargashi1967 27.06.2018 Geography Secondary School +5 pts. This video is a part of Pebbles AP Board & TS Board Syllabus Live Teaching Videos Pack. "Monsoon," derived from an Arabic word for "season," refers to a wind system with pronounced seasonal reversal. which?] This is a small area quite different from the desert. The physical features of Pakistan are divided into five main land regions: 1. Chapter 19 Deserts • A desert is any region that receives less than 25cm (10in) of rain per year. Delete. The region surrounding Quetta is highly prone to earthquakes. Pakistan is located in southern Asia and borders the Arabian Sea. The desert features a plateau, ravines, sinkholes, salt flats, and a series of furrows and ridges, and vast expanses of sand. The sand dunes found in the southeast of this desert are among the world’s tallest sand dunes attaining a height of about 980 feet. Monsoons develop in response to temperature variations between continents and oceans. In much of Pakistan, the climate is tropical or subtropical, semi-arid or desert, but in the north there are also: an area near the mountains which is quite rainy, a cold mountainous area, and a frigid area on the peaks of the Himalayas. The desert is variously known as the … The relief of the desert is composed of dunes, plains and plateaus. All the rivers of Pakistan, i.e. This desert stretches from the Khaplu Valley to Nubra Ladakh and Shigar Skardu Valley to Zanskar, Occupied Kashmir, but the largest desert area is found in Skardu and Shigar valley. The range extends from the Jhelum River to the Indus, across the northern portion of the Punjab province. It means that the land of Pakistan is different in various regions from its type. Thal Desert The areas of Mianwali, Sargodha, Muzaffar Garh and Dera Ghazi Khan districts in the province of Punjab are called Thal desert. There are Sand dunes in Skardu around the Indus river. Geography of Pakistan Q.1 Describe mountains, plateaus, plains, deserts, and rivers of Pakistan. (a) Muslims had no political association. Mountains 2. The Salt Range contains the great mines of Mayo, Khewra Salt Mine, Warcha and Kalabagh, which yield vast supplies of salt. Explain how the relief and drainage of an area affects the prevailing economic activities and lifestyles. Description: The Physical Map of Pakistan showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, deserts, seas, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. Some geographers designate Plateau as to the west of the imaginary southwest line; and the Indus Plain lies to the east of that line. Thal Desert The areas of Mianwali, Sargodha, Muzaffar Garh and Dera Ghazi Khan districts in the province of Punjab are called Thal desert. Much of the province south of the Quetta region is sparse desert terrain with pockets of inhabitable land, mostly near rivers and streams. There are no lakes, glaciers, plains in the district. The catchment area of the Indus is estimated at almost 1 million square kilometers, and all of Pakistan's major rivers (the Kabul River, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, and Sutlej) flow into it. It consists of granite rocks, probably an outlying mass of the crystalline rocks of the Arravelli range. It is situated in South Asia. ▪ Basins of Western Balochistan Answer (1 of 4): Northern Mountains comprise of the three main mountain ranges:Hindukush,the Himalayas and tha Karakoram.The Himalayas are parallel to each other in east west direction.They have pyramid or conical shaped peaks,for example,Rakaposhi.These mountains have snow capped peaks and rise in height from south to north.They have deep,steep sided and narrow valleys. (c) To defend the Kha 1. The world's second highest peak, Mount K2, is located in Pakistan. The Indus River basin is a large, fertile alluvial plain formed by silt from the Indus. It means that the land of Pakistan is different in various regions from its type. Pakistan has 29 protected areas known as national parks. ▪ Mountain ranges Ask your question. …, lifa's temporal lod i powers,(d) None of the above.​, what is the difference between the lithosphere and the asthenosphere, Factorize x? It is geographically the largest of Pakistan's four provinces, at 347,190 km² or 134,051 square miles, and composes 48% of the total land area of Pakistan. The Baluchistan Plateau 5. There are also vast deserts in Pakistan. Pakistan is situated at the western end of the great Indo-Gangetic Plain. km., (140,000 sq. The Thar Region forms part of the bigger desert of the same name that sprawls over a vast area of Pakistan and India from Cholistan to Nagarparkar in Pakistan and from the south of the Haryana down to Rajasthan in India. The Sulaiman Mountains dominate the northeast corner, and the Bolan Pass is a natural route into Afghanistan towards Kandahar. The Indus Valley Desert is located in the northern area of Pakistan. https://www.youtube.com/edit?video_id=CIahQMmVCkc&video_referrer=watchBeautiful Deserts Of PakistanThis is a beautiful desert for pakistan. These areas are broadly separated and are located between 100 and 1000 m above sea level. Deserts, in Pakistan, make up a large part of the country’s geography, especially in the central and south-eastern regions. Relief and drainage. 1. What can we say, we have a sweet tooth. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m [1], In the north, northeast and north-west of Pakistan there are three ranges of mountains. These include Thar desert in Sindh , Kharan desert in Balochistan , Katpana desert in Skardu ( Gilgit Baltistan ), Thal desert in Bhakkar (Punjab) and Cholistan in Bahawalpur (Punjab). Nara and Tharparker Deserts 15. Majority of the birds in the country are migratory coming from India, Central Asia, and Europe. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser. You’ll find plains, deserts, forests, hills, and plateaus. The Punjab Plain 3. The northern mountain region features some really high peaks of the Karakoram, Hindu Kush, and Himalayan mountain ranges. The Balochistan plateau is located in the south-west of Pakistan with altitudes mainly ranging from 600–3010 metres. • A desert is any region that receives less than 25cm (10in) of rain per year. • Evaporation equals or exceeds rainfall. The desert coversan area of 200,000 square km. The Thar Desert is bounded on the northwest by the Sutlej River, on the east by the Aravalli Range, on the south by the salt marsh known as the Rann of Kutch (parts of which are sometimes … Sindh, Ravi River, Chenab River, Jhelum River, and Sutlej River, originate from the Himalayas mountain range. Replies. The name of deserts is the Indus Valley Desert and Kharan Desert, Thal Desert, Thar Desert and the Cholistan Desert. Geologically Pakistan overlaps the E… Pakistan’s most common physical features are its five main regions, which include the Thar Desert, the Northern Highland, the Western Highland, the Punjab Plain, the Sind Plain and the Baluchian Plateau. The Thar Desert - Pakistan has an area of about 307,374 square kilometers. It occurs where moist unstable air moves up a mountain edge and it is chilled, heavy condensation takes place and rainfall occurs. Information from: Cholistan Desert 3. The mountains are carved off by innumerable channels and … Aliqureshi is waiting for your help. In terms of area Pakistan holds the 36th rank in the world. Unknown 11 July 2019 at 07:19. Log in. There are chains of high mountains which are covered with snow throughout the year and also fertile lands and green valleys. The southern region is known as Makran. There are chains of high mountains which are covered with snow throughout the year and also fertile lands and green valleys. From cold mountains to arid deserts, vast plains, hot and humid plateau and wide sea shores and tropical islands, the physical features … The local people speak the Potwari language. A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and, consequently, living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life. 9. The desert is in the centre of a large empty basin. The [Thal Desert] is located in north east Pakistan between the Indus and Jhelum rivers. write about heritage, climate , festivals , language and sports etc of uttar Pradesh.​, (a) Define the following terms( Scheduled Castes(1) Scheduled Tribes​, CIRCLES1034. It is the world's 17th largest desert, and the world's 9th largest subtropical desert.About 85% of the Thar Desert is in India, and the remaining part in Pakistan. 796,095 square kilometres is the total area of Pakistan. Thal Desert . Reply. What can we say, we have a sweet tooth. They are mounds … The population density is very low due to the mountainous terrain and scarcity of water. The geography of Pakistan is a blend of landscapes. This district is mainly a desert area. Balochistan Plateau lies in the East of Sulaiman range. The average altitude is about 2,000 ft. Reply . The area is mostly deserted and consists of barren tracts of sand dunes covered with thorny bushes. Can anyone tell the answer of this question. Zoom in … Snow Leopard. The Thar Region forms part of the bigger desert of the same name that sprawls over a vast area of Pakistan and India from Cholistan to Nagarparkar in Pakistan and from the south of the Haryana down to Rajasthan in India. The small city of Quetta was almost completely destroyed, and the adjacent military cantonment was heavily damaged. Reply. As of 2012, 22 of these are under supervision of respective provincial governments and remaining are in private care. These deserts are monsoon in type, referring to a wind system marked with seasonal fluctuation in response to temperature variations between continents and oceans. The Indus Valley Desert lies between two major rivers in the region, the Chenab and the Indus. The desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests. The deserts of Pakistan cover 11 mha (13.82%) of the land situated in the central and southeastern regions. The `` land of five waters '': the Indus year and also fertile lands and green.... That receives less than 25cm ( 10in ) of the desert features rocky-clayish plains and masses of sand the! Region that receives less than 25cm ( 10in ) of Pakistan shows that Pakistan has an of... Along the Arabian Sea which facilitated the emergence of intensive cultivation despite conditions! Every kind of geological structure relief map shows landscape features, such as mountains plains! 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Home Pakistan sindh > > > Balochistan KP > Islamabad Gilgit-Baltistan AJK Contact Parks of cover. 07:28. please send me all the notes of geography who are you [ Asia ] s surface oldest rocks the. Earth 's crust the planet and the third largest in [ Asia ] five waters:. Edge of the country also shares the Thar desert ] on the map areas... Range of physical features ) of Pakistan % ) of rain per year ground at the western end of birds! Are huge cat species which are covered with snow throughout the year and also fertile lands green... Rice exporter and annually exports about 2 million tons, or about 10 percent of world trade Central!