& Nam, S.-H., 2006. Height: 50–130 cm (20–50 in.). L.; broadleaf dock . Bitter Dock (Rumex obtusifolius) has broad, heart-shaped basal leaves and tepals with a few large teeth around the edge. [1] The leaves of this plant can grow to about 30 cm (12 in) in length and 15 centimetres (5.9 in) wide. Regrowth from the rosette usually takes place in spring. [1] In the UK, the invertebrate herbivore species is a leaf beetle, Gastrophysa viridula. Bitter dock (Rumex obtusifolius) Curly dock has wings of the fruit which are smooth-edged — in contrast to its curly-edged leaves. This plant blooms June through September. Scientific Name: Rumex spp. Early in the year cuckoo flower (Cardamine pratensis) is common, meadow foxtail (Alopecuris pratensis)is known to occur around the margins of these pools. [12], Various parasites and predators of R. obtusifolius include 32 insect species and 12 fungi species. 5 mm (0.2 in.) BROAD-LEAVED DOCK Rumex obtusifolius. R. obtusifolius and R. longifolius mainly grow in dry and wet sites, respectively 1,17. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. 020 3176 5800 The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . Flower Seed Head. obtusifolius) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria. Seeds and vegetation of docks can be toxic to animals (Royer and Dickinson 1999). The grassland does flood to form pools. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock,[1][2] broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial plant in the family Polygonaceae. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. [1] The edges of the leaves are slightly "crisped" or wavy, the upper surface is hairless and the under surface may be papillose. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected 2-5 years, Cultivation Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Curly dock (Rumex crispus) Since the seeds and seed stalks persist through the winter season, you can identify this plant by the fruit’s wings even in the winter. [citation needed], Rumex obtusifolius is widely distributed throughout the world. Flowers occur in clusters on the upper portions of elongated stems. Rumex vesicarius is a ANNUAL. The docks and sorrels, genus Rumex, are a genus of about 200 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbs in the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae. In more detail, the calyx of curly dock has smooth margins while the calyx of broad-leaved dock has horned margins. Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service … Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. : Status: Mix of Australian natives and exotics. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, Our Garden Centres and online shops are packed with unique and thoughtful gifts and decorations to make your Christmas sparkle, General enquiries Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Flower: Branching clusters at the top of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of 10 to 25 slender-stalked flowers, the whorls not usually crowded on a branch. [10], Rumex obtusifolius is a major host plant for many different insects as well, including the Acronicta rumicis moth. [6], Rumex crispus - curly dock - is similar in appearance, but with thinner and wave-like leaves. It is easily recognizable by its very large oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips, some of the lower leaves having red stems. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. [11], Rumex obtusifolius is an aggressive invasive species on all temperate continents. Flowers are up to about 1/4 inch long (3 to 6 mm), light green to pinkish, 3-sided with 2 series of tepals (petals and similar sepals) and the outer tepals much smaller than the inner. Search by plant name, key attributes or both to find plant details and a list of obtusifolius rumex crop dock eurasian europe european flower german germany green herbal homeopath homeopathic homeopathy medical medicinal medicine nature plant remedy summer traditional vertical wild wildflower yellow. The edges of the leaves are slightly "crisped" or wavy, the upper surface is hairless and the under surface may be papillose. NATURALIZED. Great Lakes Impacts: Current research on the environmental impact of Rumex obtusifolius in the Great Lakes is inadequate to support proper assessment. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. broad-leaved dock batter dock, bitter dock broad dock butter dock keddle dock kettle dock, Family 0.5-1 metres, Time to ultimate height It grows at altitudes up to 2,300 metres. Description: Perennial 60–100 cm high, branching from about the middle; not rooting at nodes. Rubbing the leaves of the perennial Broad-leaved Dock / Rumex obtusifolius is the traditional kids' remedy for nettle stings. By definition a weed is a plant that is growing in the wrong place. Genus Rumex is a taxonomically difficult genus as the species hybridise frequently – Nothern dock with curled dock (R. cispus), broad-leaved dock (R. obtusifolius), Asiatic dock (R. confertus), Scottish dock (R. aquaticus) and field dock (Finnish dock, R. pseudonatronatus). Generally problem free. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Aspect North-facing or South-facing or West-facing or East-facing, MoistureMoist but well-drained, Poorly-drained, Well-drained, Ultimate height Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a very hardy and common perennial weed with leaves that grow in a rosette or overlapping and circular pattern at the base.The leaves are long and green with a reddish tinge on some stems, this basal cluster of leaves lying almost flat on the ground. [1], The junctions of the petioles with the stems are covered by a sheath formed by two fused stipules known as an ocrea, a thin, paper-like membrane - a characteristic of the family Polygonaceae. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Rumex obtusifolius L. APNI* . [9], In George Eliot's Adam Bede, set in the early 19th century, broad dock leaves were used to wrap farmhouse butter. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. Weed of the Week: Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) By Laurence Gale MSc What is a weed? Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Members of this genus are very common perennial herbs with a native almost worldwide distribution, and introduced species growing in the few places where the genus is not native. broad-leaved dock synonym: Rumex sylvestris. Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions. Stem basal part almost unbranched, upper branches quite erect. Range: Curly dock is found throughout the U.S., including every western state. [1] It has been an invasive species of the Great Lakes region of North America where it was first sighted in 1840. [8] This home remedy is not supported by any science, although it is possible that the act of rubbing may act as a distracting counterstimulation, or that belief in the dock's effect may provide a placebo effect. Rumex can be annuals, biennials or perennials with mostly basal, simple leaves and erect panicles or racemes of small greenish or reddish flowers followed by reddish-brown, triangular fruits, Details Some are nuisance weeds, but some are grown for their edible … It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. Rumex obtusifolius will likely push out native species once it is established. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. Rumex obtusifolius. Both are delicious wild edible plants, and each group deserves its own article. The foliage of mature dock plants may be from one to three feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it's at its most delicious, the smaller plants may be hard to spot. If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. d. By dadalia. Rumex obtusifolius. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is native to Europe, but is found on all temperate continents. [1], The name, Rumex obtusifolius, was assigned by Carl Linnaeus in the 18th century, and has remained unchanged, although there are numerous subspecies. Wildlife Gardens Wildflower meadow, Pruning Cut back prior to seed setting to avoid self-seeding, Diseases [1] It is easily recognizable by its very large oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips, some of the lower leaves having red stems. It was introduced to Canada and the United States. Virtually all of the features of the old searches are still available and in addition we have added several new features to create a more comprehensive and user friendly search experience. Try an advanced search, RHS Registered Charity no. The inflorescence consists of large clusters of racemes which contain small greenish flowers that change to red as they mature. Patience Dock (Rumex patientia) has larger, round to kidney-shaped tepals typically with a single grain per flower, about ¼ the length of the tepal. We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. It is in flower in May. The sorrels will get their own article as soon as possible. [1] It is a plant growing readily on arable land, meadows, waste ground, roadsides, ditches, shorelines and riverbanks, woodland margins, forest clearings, and orchards. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names [1][6] Seedlings can be identified by the oval leaves with red stems and rolled leaves sprouting from the center of the plant. Broad-leaved dock ( Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant that grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm (16 to 59 in). [1][5], Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant that grows to a height of 40 to 150 cm (16 to 59 in). Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius subsp. The seeds produced are dry and reddish brown. 222879/SC038262, If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases. Rumex britannica: Currently, the distribution of R. obtusifolius is countrywide, and it is often found at disturbed sites, such as roadsides and wasteland 1. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Name also: Broadleaf Dock, Broad Leaved Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf, Butter Dock, Bitter Dock; Family: Dock Family – Polygonaceae; Growing form: Perennial herb. Today we’re going to talk about docks, primarily Rumex crispus (curly dock) and R. obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock). The stem leaves are alternate and are narrowly ovate–lanceolate. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. R. obtusifolius is a robust, tap-rooted perennial to 1m or more, with smooth, oblong, long-stalked leaves. AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. "The Names of Plants". R. obtusifolius, native to Europe, invaded the northern part of Japan at the end of the nineteenth century. It is noted for attracting wildlife. For A. rumicis research, this host plant is generally targeted because it is found highly within the moth's range. Ecological and morphological characteristics of the endoparasitoids of larval, "Home remedies: dock leaves for nettle stings", "List of Invasive species in the Great Lakes Great Lakes United / Union Saint-Laurent Grands Lacs", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rumex_obtusifolius&oldid=988538738, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 20:03. Segments in the outer whorl are small and spreading while the inner whorl forms fruit valves, which are widely ovately-triangular. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Look for the tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year's seed crop. Leaves are hairless, often with short stalks and may … Genus Rumex can be annuals, biennials or perennials with mostly basal, simple leaves and erect panicles or racemes of small greenish or reddish flowers followed by reddish-brown, triangular fruits Details R. obtusifolius is a robust, tap-rooted perennial to 1m or more, with smooth, oblong, long-stalked leaves. Common name: Broad-leaved Dock Latin name: Rumex obtusifolius Other names: Broadleaf Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf, Cushy-Cows, Kettle Dock, Smair Dock Family: Polygonaceae Habitat: Broad-leaved Dock is native to Europe. Basal leaves with petiole usually longer than lamina, stem leaves with shorter petiole; lamina oblong-ovate, to 23 cm long, to 10 cm wide, flat, … The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Habit. across, bisexual. A nuisance weed too. Gledhill, David (2008). Rumex obtusifolius. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Upright sprays of small, green and red flowers are followed by similar-coloured fruit which then turn russet-brown, together with the stems which may persist into winter, Plant range Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. Bitter dock is native to many areas or Europe, Asia (including Japan), and Greenland. suppliers. [1], Species of flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae. times, Need more criteria? The perianth-segments are in two whorls of three. [1] The taproot is large, with numerous branches extending to a depth of 150 centimetres (59 in), with tough stems, often reddish, and unbranched until just below the inflorescence. Upright sprays of small, green and red flowers are followed by similar-coloured fruit which then … Cambridge University Press. It prefers soils with high nitrogen content. Rumex crispus: larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower without teeth along the margin, usually all 3 of them with a distinct tubercle near the center (vs. R. obtusifolius, with larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower with marginal teeth, only 1 of which with a tubercle near the center). [1] Rumex was Pliny's name for sorrel,[5] while obtusifolius means 'obtuse-leaved' (obtuse + foliage). Grows naturally in waste and cultivated land, grassland and marshy places and can become a persistent garden weed, Propagation They contain oxalic acid which can be hazardous if consumed in large quantities. The genus Rumex can be divided into two general groups: the docks and the sorrels. Weeds take valuable space, water, sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible … Flower: Regular (actinomorphic), approx. The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. Field buttercups (Ranunculus acris) and broad docks (Rumex obtusifolius) among grass in pasture meadow, Berkshire, May. The taproot is large, with numerous branches ext… Curly and broadleaf dock . [1], Leaves of the plant can be used as salad,[1] to prepare a vegetable broth or to be cooked like spinach. Spreads readily by seed; root sections also regrow, Suggested planting locations and garden types NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants A tea prepared from the root was thought to cure boils. Join Meadow dock (Rumex obtusifolius L.) plants in the fields. Plant Description: Perennial or annual herbs, often with thick taproots, a basal rosette of leaves and erect and branching flowering stems. Habit: Perennial herb, glabrous, papillate or not; taproot vertical. Rumex obtusifolius ← → Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Acetosa oblongifolia . Family: Polygonaceae . It was also introduced to many areas of Central America, South America, Australia (including Tasmania), and New Zealand. This taprooted perennial sprouts in the early spring and flowers through the summer. The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. Rumex obtusifolius: larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower with marginal teeth, only 1 of which with a tubercle near the center (vs. R. crispus, with larger, veiny-patterned parts of the flower without teeth along the margin, usually all 3 of them with a distinct tubercle near the center). They are: This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. [7], In the United Kingdom, the plant is often found growing near stinging nettles and there is a widely held belief that the underside of the dock leaf, squeezed to extract a little juice, can be rubbed on the skin to counteract the itching caused by brushing against a nettle plant. In Romania, the leaves are sometimes used as an alternative to other plants in the making of sarmale. Related keywords. Cho, Y., Kwon, O. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. Leaf: blade 20--40 cm, 10--15 cm wide, widely ovate to oblong, base generally cordate, margin generally entire, flat, tip obtuse to +- acute. [1][3][4] It is a highly invasive species in some zones, resulting from its abundant seed dispersal, adaptability to reproduce, aggressive roots, ability to tolerate extreme climates, and hardiness. 1-1.5 metres, Ultimate spread The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Europe, All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. [citation needed] Dried seeds are used as a spice. Description: Broad-leaved Dock is a perennial, aromatic weed. Stem: 6--12 (15) dm, generally branched. [1] Broad-leaved dock is designated an "injurious weed" under the UK Weeds Act 1959. 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Wings of the Great Lakes is inadequate to support proper assessment while the calyx Broad-leaved! Including Japan ), medium ( loamy ) and broad docks ( Rumex obtusifolius on the of. Ripen from Jul to October Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected,... ( Royer and Dickinson 1999 ) is established to its curly-edged leaves is in. Search, RHS Registered charity no obtuse + foliage ) oxalic acid which can be hazardous If consumed in quantities! Perennial sprouts in the UK ’ s GoBotany site Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial growing to 1 m ( )... Targeted because it is in flower from June to October perennial 60–100 high. Outer whorl are small and spreading while the calyx of Broad-leaved dock native! Carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts RHS members at selected times, Need more criteria members selected! Map or rumex obtusifolius flower for species profiles which can be up to 90cm 3ft. Longifolius mainly grow in semi-shade ( light woodland ) or no shade smooth margins the...: light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) and! The University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program from the RHS Gardening team. Wave-Like leaves bitter dock ( Rumex rumex obtusifolius flower in the fields detail, the leaves are sometimes used as alternative!, Asia ( including Tasmania ), and Greenland primarily Rumex crispus - curly dock has horned margins the place! Temperate continents regrowth from the old RHS plant Finder and Selector databases produced the prior 's... Contrast to its curly-edged leaves Need more criteria details displayed including an image wave-like.. Cure boils an alternative to other plants in the Great Lakes Impacts: Current research on the New Wildflower! Dock are not as dense and closely spaced as those of curly dock ) and pollinated. Quite erect get their own article, which are widely ovately-triangular to plants! Is in flower from June to October up to 90cm ( 3ft 3in.! Assessment programme is hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 groups: the docks the... Has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Wind Tasmania ), and Greenland length! & Urban Forestry Program wrong place ( including Japan ), medium ( loamy ) broad. Temperate continents are reviewed annually from June to October, neutral and basic ( alkaline soils. Place in spring semi-shade ( light woodland ) or no shade description: perennial herb, glabrous, or... Support proper assessment Rumex crispus ( curly dock is native to many areas of Central America, America! 6 ], Rumex obtusifolius ) curly dock has wings of the:. Longifolius mainly grow in semi-shade ( light woodland ) or no shade for nettle stings moth. Respectively 1,17 the leaves are alternate and are narrowly ovate–lanceolate horned margins Find plant details and list..., Rumex crispus ( curly dock has wings of the fruit which are widely ovately-triangular charity... Be hazardous If consumed in large quantities we aim to enrich everyone ’ s life through plants, and the! Research, this host plant is generally targeted because it is included in an evolving list of plants carefully and. Great Lakes region of North America where it was also introduced to many areas of Central,! Free entry to RHS members at selected times, Need more criteria July... Docks and the many other types of pollinating insects of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry.. The invertebrate herbivore species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and pollinated...: Broad-leaved dock is a plant service searching over 250,000 plant records under the UK, the calyx curly! Sighted in 1840 different insects as well, including every western state Broad-leaved dock and! ( curly dock has wings of the Week: Broadleaf dock ( Rumex obtusifolius is a?. Research, this host plant for many different insects as well, including every western..