In practical terms, the jubilee year embodies the trust all Israelites could have that God would provide for their immediate needs and for the future of their families. Leviticus 25. Leviticus 25:13 In the year of this jubilee you shall return every 10 above]; ch. What would it take for Christians to be capable of offering real solutions? 25:25-28, 39-41) on a wide-scale basis. His treatment of the jubilee year thus considers three basic angles: the theological, the social, and the economic.[5]. Bible Commentary Here we learn about the Sabbatical year and the Year of Jubilee. / The point of these rules is that Israelites were never to become slaves to other Israelites. He therefore must sell some of the land to a buyer in order to cover the debt and buy seed for the next planting. Year of Jubilee (25:8-55) 8 “In addition, you must count off seven Sabbath years, seven sets of seven years, adding up to forty-nine years in all. 25:41). Have modern societies actually surpassed ancient Israel in this regard? 1:33; Jer. 23 “The land shall not be sold in perpetuity, for (V)the land is mine. This does not mean that these laws, found in Leviticus 25 (and elsewhere) were of no value, however. 55 For it is (AZ)to me that the people of Israel are servants. 16 If the years are many, you shall increase the price, and if the years are few, you shall reduce the price, for it is the number of the crops that he is selling to you. It is not fully known whether Israel actually observed the jubilee year or the antislavery provisions associated with it (e.g., Lev. © 2014 by the Theology of Work Project, Inc. 30 If it is not redeemed within a full year, then the house in the walled city shall belong in perpetuity to the buyer, throughout his generations; (AA)it shall not be released in the jubilee. Rather than see the jubilee year as a utopian literary fiction, it seems better to believe that its widespread neglect occurred not because the jubilee was unfeasible, but because the wealthy were unwilling to accept the social and economic implications that would have been costly and disruptive to them. All rights reserved. Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and gather its fruit; but in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a sabbath to the LORD. Leviticus 25 details legislation for the jubilee, the year concluding seven cycles of seven years in which real property returns to its original family allotment. 26:5, 6; Deut. To take one example that engages seriously with contemporary realities, Christopher Wright has written extensively on the Christian appropriation of Old Testament laws. We must therefore view the jubilee from our current vantage point. The Year of Jubilee had three primary _______________. At the year of jubilee, he would regain his land and his freedom (Lev. In the jubilee it shall (Y)be released, and (Z)he shall return to his property. Even if this happened, the sale must not be permanent. If there was a person who belonged to the farmer’s clan who wished to act as a “redeemer”, he could pay the buyer according to the number of remaining annual crops until the jubilee year when it reverted to the farmer. Or if he (AV)grows rich he may redeem himself. 19:29]; Isa. Leviticus 25 - ESV: The LORD spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying, "Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When you come into the land that I give you, the land shall keep a Sabbath to the LORD. The presumed scenario is that of a farmer who borrowed money to buy seed but did not harvest enough to repay the loan. It shall be your Jubilee, when each of you is to return to his property and to his clan. 25:1-7), and a jubilee year, one in every fifty (Lev. 25:13 “ ‘In this year of jubilee you must each return to your property. 9:22; 2 Kgs. Leviticus 25:8-22 Introduction Today we celebrate this church’s 50th year of existence in Ouachita parish, Louisiana. 35:2; 1 Chr. (Lev 25:13-17) In the year of Jubilee, the land went back to its original family. Leviticus 25:44–46, "As for your male and female slaves whom you may have—you may acquire male and female slaves from the pagan nations that are around you. Verse 11 A jubilee shall that fiftieth year be - The literal meaning of the word jubilee, יובל yobel in Hebrew, and יוביל yobil in the Samaritan, has not been well … The first stage is depicted in Leviticus 25:25-28. During that time, they were not to be treated harshly but be regarded as hired workers. His act of redeeming his people from Egypt committed him to provide for them on every level because they were his own. The year of Jubilee, to a large degree, was an ideal, one not realized by the nation Israel in the Old Testament dispensation. Chapter 25 Each seventh year is to be kept as a sabbath year—Each fiftieth year is to be one of jubilee, in which liberty is proclaimed throughout the land—Laws are revealed for the sale and redemption of lands, houses, and servants—The land is the Lord’s, as are the servants—Usury is forbidden. Until that time, the land belonged to the redeemer, who allowed the farmer to work it. What about the millions of people enslaved or in bonded labor today in situations where anti-slavery laws are not adequately enforced? 34:8, 13, 15, 17; Ezek. All prisoners and captives were set free, all slaves were released, all debts were forgiven, and all property was returned to its original owners. 50 He shall calculate with his buyer from the year when he sold himself to him until the year of jubilee, and the price of his sale shall vary with the number of years. 5 above]; [2 Kgs. You may make slaves of them, but over your brothers the people of Israel (AS)you shall not rule, one over another ruthlessly. The following discussion of these three angles is indebted to Wright’s exposition in The Mission of God, 296-300. The year of jubilee was much more radical. 1:33; Jer. The rules of Leviticus 25 are not easy to figure out, and Milgrom makes good sense of them as he defines three progressive stages of destitution.[3]. Produced by TOW Project, Bible Study: Wednesdays, Oct. 14 - Dec. 16, Theology of Work Project Online Materials, 10 Key Points About Work in the Bible That Every Christian Should Know, Beyond Rank and Power: What Philemon Tells Us About Leadership. Leviticus 25:10 So you are to consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty in the land for all its inhabitants. Family debt was a reality in ancient times as it is today, and its effects include a frightening list of social ills. 25 “If your brother becomes poor and sells part of his property, (W)then his nearest redeemer shall come and redeem what his brother has sold. In This bible study devotional covers Leviticus chapter 25. 25:14 If you make a sale to your fellow citizen or buy from your fellow citizen, no one is to wrong his brother. If so, the farmer would regain his land. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. 46:17; [Isa. This provided a means for the destitute to raise money (by leasing the land) without depriving the family’s future generations of the means of production. According to Wright, “The jubilee thus stands as a critique not only of massive private accumulation of land and related wealth but also of large-scale forms of collectivism or nationalization that destroy any meaningful sense of personal or family ownership.”[7] Second, family units must have the opportunity and resources to provide for themselves. Which, clearly shows, that not the forty ninth year was the year of jubilee, as many learned men have asserted. 25:8-17), to sanctify Israel’s internal economy. This naturally posed difficulties in banking and land transactions, and special provisions were designed to ameliorate them (Lev. 32:43; 2 Chr. 26:5, 6; Deut. 41 (AK)Then he shall go out from you, (AL)he and his children with him, and go back to his own clan and return (AM)to the possession of his fathers. 36 (AF)Take no interest from him or profit, but (AG)fear your God, that your brother may live beside you. The creditor must “fear God” by accepting the fact that all of God’s people are God’s slaves (NRSV “servants”) whom he graciously brought out from Egypt. 39 (AJ)“If your brother becomes poor beside you and sells himself to you, you shall not make him serve as a slave: 40 he shall be with you as a hired worker and as a sojourner. And if you sell anything to your neighbor or buy from your neighbor's hand, you shall not oppress one another. In this Year of Jubilee, each of you shall return to his possession. People who sold themselves must retain the right to buy themselves out of slavery if they prospered. English Standard Version (ESV), Gain a concise, fundamental grasp of what the Bible is all about with our new, Isa. The basic property needed for survival may be protected from seizure. 25:10). 20 And if you say, (Q)‘What shall we eat in the seventh year, if (R)we may not sow or gather in our crop?’ 21 I will (S)command my blessing on you in the sixth year, so that it will produce a crop sufficient for three years. Leviticus 25 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. 25:15 You may buy it from your fellow citizen 6:55-81, Deut. The second stage was more serious (Lev. 12 For it is a jubilee. Adopted by the Theology of Work Project Board May 28, 2013. Leviticus 25:12 For it is a jubilee; it They may be redeemed, and (AB)they shall be released in the jubilee. Leviticus 25: Jubilee June 8, 2012 Dillon Burroughs Patheos Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! 25:15-16), which we will explore in a moment. [2] The effect of the jubilee was to prevent any family from becoming permanently landless through sale, mortgage or permanent lease of its assigned land. 25:42-43). This land was never to be sold in perpetuity for it belonged to the Lord, not the people (Lev. The seventh year and the jubilee year 1 And the LORD spake unto Moses in mount Sinai, saying, 2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land which I give you, then shall the land keep a sabbath unto the LORD. Leviticus 25:11 "A jubilee shall that fiftieth year be unto you: ye shall not sow, neither reap that which groweth of itself in it, nor gather [the grapes] in it of thy vine undressed." 15 Corresponding to the number of years after the jubilee, you shall buy from your friend; he is to sell to you according to the number of years of crops. The Foundational Concept of Holiness in Leviticus, Israel’s Sacrificial System (Leviticus 1-10), The Dwelling of God in the Community (Leviticus 1-10), The Whole People of God at Work (Leviticus 1-10), The Significance of the Guilt Offering (Leviticus 6:1-7), The Unclean and the Clean (Leviticus 11-16), The Permissibility of Eating Particular Animals (Leviticus 11), Dealing with Skin Diseases and Mold Infections (Leviticus 13-14), Treating Workers Fairly (Leviticus 19:13), Rights of People with Disabilities (Leviticus 19:14), Loving Your Neighbor as Yourself (Leviticus 19:17-18), The Sabbath Year and the Year of Jubilee (Leviticus 25), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. 42 For they are (AN)my servants,[c] whom I brought out of the land of Egypt; they shall not be sold as slaves. The jubilee was not about redistribution but restoration. As a bound laborer he would work for wages, which were entirely for reduction of the debt. The farmer would amortize this loan with the profit made from the crops, perhaps eliminating the debt. 29 “If a man sells a dwelling house in a walled city, he may redeem it within a year of its sale. The third stage was more serious still (Lev. In this case, the creditor must lend the farmer the funds necessary to continue working as a tenant farmer on his own land, but must not charge him interest. 13 (H)“In this year of jubilee each of you shall return to his property. 25:35-38). ____________ … 53 He shall treat him as a worker hired year by year. 18 (L)“Therefore you shall do my statutes and keep my rules and perform them, and then (M)you will dwell in the land securely. No one else can own them because God already does. The economic angle reveals the two principles that we can apply today. Leviticus 25:8-55 English Standard Version (ESV) The Year of Jubilee 8 “You shall count seven weeks[ a] of years, seven times seven years, so that the time of the seven weeks of years shall give you forty-nine years. Unless otherwise noted, the Scripture quotations contained herein are from the New Revised Standard Version Bible, Copyright © 1989, Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A., and are used by permission. For the houses in the cities of the Levites are their possession among the people of Israel. 54 And if he is not redeemed by these means, then (AY)he and his children with him shall be released in the year of jubilee. 41:1; 112:5, 9; Prov. 19 (N)The land will yield its fruit, and (O)you will eat your fill (P)and dwell in it securely. 47 “If a stranger or sojourner with you becomes rich, and (AT)your brother beside him becomes poor and sells himself to the stranger or sojourner with you or to a member of the stranger's clan, 48 then after he is sold he may be redeemed. 34:25, 28], [See ver. First, God desires just distribution of the earth’s resources. Leviticus 25:11 A jubilee shall that fiftieth year be to you: you shall not sow, neither reap that which grows of itself in it, nor gather the grapes in it of your vine undressed. (G)You may eat the produce of the field.[b]. A person could simply become poor. 14 And if you make a sale to your neighbor or buy from your neighbor, (I)you shall not wrong one another. 45 (AR)You may also buy from among the strangers who sojourn with you and their clans that are with you, who have been born in your land, and they may be your property. 34:25, 28], Deut. 18 above]; ch. 39-55). Therefore, Israel’s observance of the Sabbath day and year and the year of jubilee was a function of obedience and trust. 51 If there are still many years left, he shall pay proportionately for his redemption some of his sale price. In essence, any sale of land was really a term lease that could last no longer than the next year of jubilee (Lev. For a full year he shall have the right of redemption. It shall be holy to you. 25:47-55). Assuming that the farmer in the previous stage could neither pay on the loan or even support himself and his family, he would become temporarily bound to the household of the creditor. 37:30, [See ver. One of his brothers may redeem him, 49 or his uncle or his cousin may (AU)redeem him, or a close relative from his clan may redeem him. Bankruptcy laws provide relief to those burdened with unpayable debts, and descendants are not liable for ancestors' debts. … 19:9-10), to ensure that everyone had access to the means of production, whether the family farm or simply the fruits of their own labor. This was a figure of the free grace of God in Christ; by which Leviticus 25 ordains a sabbath year, one in every seven (Lev. 46 You may bequeath them to your sons after you to inherit as a possession forever. The jubilee sought to check these negative social consequences by limiting their duration so that future generations would not have to bear the burden of their distant ancestors.[6]. ESV Study Bible--genuine cowhide leather, deep brown, Psalms, ESV Illuminated Scripture Journal, ESV Illuminated Scripture Journal: Old and New Testament Sets, 46 Volumes, ESV Study Bible, Burgundy Genuine Leather, ESV Student Study Bible, Trutone, Chestnut, Proverbs, ESV Illuminated Scripture Journal. The year of jubilee operated within the context of Israel’s kinship system for the protection of the clan’s inalienable right to work their ancestral land, which they understood to be owned by God and to be enjoyed by them as a benefit of their relationship with him. 28 But if he does not have sufficient means to recover it, then what he sold shall remain in the hand of the buyer until the year of jubilee. According to God’s plan, the land of Canaan was assigned equitably among the people. Your Jubilee Leviticus 25 This morning I want to speak with you from the Word of God about one of the most profound concepts in all of Scripture – it is so profound and different to anything we know that there is nothing 61:1; Jer. 3 Six years thou shalt sow thy field, and six years thou … A. 45 ‘Then, too, it is out of the sons of the sojourners who live as 33 And if one of the Levites exercises his right of redemption, then the house that was sold in a city they possess shall be released in the jubilee. 4:1; Neh. 9 Then you shall sound the loud trumpet on the tenth day of the seventh month. 15:12; 1 Kgs. It was conceivable, though, that impoverished Israelites might sell themselves as slaves to wealthy resident aliens living in the land (Lev. He shall serve with you until the year of the jubilee. Nonetheless, Leviticus 25 seems to offer a broader foundation than contemporary bankruptcy laws. 12:10; [Prov. Leviticus 25:30 And if it be not redeemed within the space of a full year, then the house that is in the walled city shall be established for ever to him that bought it throughout his generations: it shall not go out in the jubilee. Christopher J. H. Wright, Old Testament Ethics for the People of God (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2004), chapter 9. 35 “If your brother becomes poor and cannot maintain himself with you, (AE)you shall support him as though he were a stranger and a sojourner, and he shall live with you. Introduction—Does Leviticus Have Anything to Tell Us about Our Work? [1] The same concept forms the fundamental idea of the Christian jubilee. 14:31; Acts 11:29; 1 John 3:17], Ex. Christopher J. H. Wright, The Mission of God (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2006), 296-97. 15:7, 8; [Ps. It shall be a jubilee for you, when each of you shall return to his property and each of (D)you shall return to his clan. 1:13, 14; Ezek. 34 But the fields (AD)of pastureland belonging to their cities may not be sold, for that is their possession forever. 23:6; Ezek. Leviticus 25:8-55 English Standard Version (ESV) The Year of Jubilee 8 “You shall count seven weeks [] of years, seven times seven years, so that the time of the seven weeks of years shall give you forty-nine years. Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. 9 Then you shall sound (A)the loud trumpet on the tenth day of the seventh month. 43 (AO)You shall not rule over him (AP)ruthlessly but (AQ)shall fear your God. Bible Commentary for Leviticus 25:13 Wesley's Notes for Leviticus 25:13 25:12 It shall be holy - So it was, because it was sequestered in great part from worldly employments and dedicated to God, and to the exercise of holy joy and thankfulness; and because it was a type of that holy and happy jubilee which they were to … 32 As for (AC)the cities of the Levites, the Levites may redeem at any time the houses in the cities they possess. 15 (J)You shall pay your neighbor according to the number of years after the jubilee, and he shall sell to you according to the number of years for crops. 37 (AH)You shall not lend him your money at interest, nor give him your food for profit. 27:24; Num. Based on a work at www.theologyofwork.org. 34:4. The underlying intent is the same as seen in the law of gleaning (Lev. 25:1-7), and a jubilee year, one in every fifty (Lev. Year of Jubilee … a Time of Release” (Leviticus 25) I. Christopher J. H. Wright, The Mission of God (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2006), 296. 9 Then you shall sound the loud trumpet on the tenth day of the seventh month. 7:20; Ps. For you are strangers and sojourners with me. 21:2; Deut. 9:3; Joel 2:18; 3:2, Num. Contributors: Bob Stallman Leviticus 25:10 reads, "Thou shalt sanctify the fiftieth year, and shalt proclaim remission to all the inhabitants of thy land: for it is the year of jubilee." 25:39-43). It is founded not on merely protecting personal liberty and a bit of property for destitute people, but on ensuring that everyone has access to the means of making a living and escaping multi-generational poverty. 36:4, ch. 5:5, [See ver. ESV® Text Edition: 2016. 13 ‘On this year of jubilee each of you shall return to his own property. 12:10; [Prov. His conclusion that the Jubilee was identical with the seventh Sabbatical year was followed by Lefebvre, for this as well as additional reasons. 52 If there remain but a few years until the year of jubilee, he shall calculate and pay for his redemption in proportion to his years of service. If the loan was not fully repaid before the jubilee, then at that time the land would revert back to the farmer or his heirs. 44 As for your male and female slaves whom you may have: you may buy male and female slaves from among the nations that are around you. It shall be your Jubilee, when each of you is to return to his property and to his clan. Regardless, the sheer detail of Leviticus 25 strongly suggests that we treat the laws as something that Israel either did or should have implemented. Bruce Waltke and Charles Yu, An Old Testament Theology (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2007), 528. 25:8-17), to sanctify Israel’s internal economy. 17 (K)You shall not wrong one another, but you shall fear your God, for I am the Lord your God. 61:2; 63:4; Luke 4:19], [See ver. You shall neither sow your field nor prune your vineyar… These social and economic conditions no longer exist, and from a biblical point of view, God no longer administers redemption through a single political state. Leviticus 25:10 So you are to consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty in the land for all its inhabitants. 31 But the houses of the villages that have no wall around them shall be classified with the fields of the land. 24 And in all the country you possess, you shall allow a redemption of the land. 13:2; [Acts 4:36, 37]; See Josh. The time he was with his owner shall be (AW)rated as the time of a hired worker. (B)On the Day of Atonement you shall sound the trumpet throughout all your land. 46 above]; Ex. [4] He identifies principles implicit in these ancient laws in order to grasp their ethical implications for today. Leviticus 25:11 - RSV - A jubilee shall that fiftieth year be to you;... Study verse in the Revised Standard Version JUBILEE! Jacob Milgrom, Leviticus,: A Book of Ritual and Ethics, A Continental Commentary (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2004), 299-303. The Year of the Jubilee involved a year of release from indebtedness (Leviticus 25:23-38) and all types of bondage (vv. With your gift of any size, you’ll enable us to continue equipping Christians with high-quality biblically-based content. 10 And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year, and (C)proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. 25:15). Throughout these years, the creditor must not work him as a slave, sell him as a slave, or rule over him harshly (Lev. A wide variety of perspectives exists about the proper application, if any, of the jubilee to today’s societies. Theology of Work Project Online Materials by Theology of Work Project, Inc. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. If not, a near relative could intervene as a “redeemer” who would pay the foreigner according to the number of years left until the jubilee when the impoverished Israelites were to be released. Leviticus 25:1–55 The Sabbath Year 25 w The Lord spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying, 2 “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When you come into x the land that I give you, the land shall keep a Sabbath to the . This church’s 50th year of jubilee each of you is to wrong his brother to provide for them on level. 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