Different rules may apply for minors aged 12-13, 14-15, or 16-17 depending on the work performed. TX Code 51.016. Contact. Let us know in a single click, and we'll fix it as soon as possible. A child may perform any farm job, including those deemed hazardous by the Secretary of Labor, and may work anytime, including during school hours. Work is prohibited during these hours: 10 p.m. (midnight before non-school day or in summer if not enrolled in summer school) to 5 a.m. Texas has no restrictions on nightwork for minors aged 16 and 17. TX Admin. how long the child’s employment is expected to last. However, those under age 16 cannot be employed in mining or manufacturing, and no one under 18 can be employed in any occupation the Secretary of Labor has declared to be hazardous. TX Code 51.022(a); TX Code 51.032 To obtain a certificate of age, a child must submit the following: TX Admin. The Department of Labor is authorized to issue a special permit to allow the employment of 14 and 15 year old youth before 6 a.m. or after 10 p.m. provided there is no school scheduled the following day and after an inspection of the working conditions at the business premises. YouthRules! TX Code 51.022(a) The certificate of age states the child’s date of birth and may be used be employers who rely on the certificate in good faith as a defense to a claim that they violated Texas’s child labor laws. There are no limitations on hours of work for children who are 16 or 17; however, employers should take care that their work schedules do not cause problems for the young employees under any school truancy laws or local curfews that might apply. Th e United States Department of Labor enforces the federal child labor laws applicable to minors UNDER 18 years of age.. For information about the 17 Hazardous Occupations Orders including those that contain limited exemptions when it comes to student learners and apprentices, please contact the United States Department of Labor at: 866-487-9243 Also, those under 16 cannot work during school hours. Nightwork restrictions set limits on how late a minor can legally work. TX Code 51.031 Employers may also be subject to administrative penalties which may be up to $10,000 per violations. Texas child labor laws regulate the employment of youth in the state of Texas. Child Labor Laws - Facts and Misconceptions There are both state and federal laws that protect workers under the age of 18 from being exposed to hazards and working unreasonable shifts. All minors under the age of 18 are prohibited from working in the following Hazardous Occupations as outlined by the State: Certificates do not need to be renewed, but if a certificate is lost, a new application must be submitted. A.R.S. Special Child Labor Laws in Texas Code 817.21, Texas has adopted the federal regulations set forth by the US Department of Labor designating the occupations 16 and 17 year olds may or may not perform, see FLSA Child Labor Laws – 16 and 17 Year Olds. See U.S. Congress, Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce, To Regulate the Products of Child Labor, 75 th Cong., 1 … Special Child Labor Laws in Ohio There are no time restrictions on youths age 16 or older. 3. According to OSHA statistics, 335 young workers were killed in 2013. Limitations on child labor vary by age, and may include restrictions on the types of work that can be done, maximum hours that may be worked, and limitations on late or overnight work. Under the child labor laws of the Fair Labor Standards Act, employers may employ 16 and 17 year olds for any job unless it has been deemed particularly hazardous for such youth or detrimental to … For the purposes of the laws, labor is broken into farm work, hazardous occupations and "other." 16 to 17 Year-Olds . Youth who are 14 and 15 years old may work in a broader range of jobs, but are significantly limited in the number of hours per day and per week they may work, especially when school is in session. Child Labor Laws in Texas For Minors 16 and 17 Years Old Minors 16 and 17 years old may work in a variety of jobs with no work permit required. Maximum hours. View Sitemap. On a Federal level, child labor is regulated under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Also, the employer must adhere to the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), or the student will not be allowed to work at the business. (c) After approval by the commission of the proof of age, the commission shall issue to the child a certificate of age. TX Admin. Up to 8 hours of work per day, 48 hours per week. 1209, No 151), and the Regulations Governing the Employment of Minors in Industry (R-1). In addition to the child labor laws, specific laws apply to employment of child actors under age 14, children under age 14 working as extras, children age 14-15 and children age 16 … Operation of motor vehicles for certain commercial purposes, form provided by the Texas Workforce Commission, FLSA Child Labor Laws – 16 and 17 Year Olds, FLSA Child Labor Laws – 14 and 15 Year Olds. Between June 1 and Labor Day, youths aged 14 and 15 may work between 7:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. Texas Child Labor Laws – Sales Solicitation Occupations, Chapter 521 of Texas’s Transportation Code, Chapter 522 of Texas’s Transportation Code, works under the direct supervision of the child’s parent or adult who has custody of the child; and. TX Code 51.003(v). the seriousness of the violation, including the nature, circumstances, extent, and gravity of any prohibited acts; the amount necessary to deter future violations; any other matter that justice may require. Child labor is governed by both state and federal laws in Illinois. Overview of Texas Legal Age Laws Texas, as do many other states, recognizes 18 as the "age of majority," at which point residents are legally considered adults (as opposed to "minors"). Child Labor Act. The details of Texas child labor laws are discussed below. To learn about these special child labor laws in Texas, see the following pages. (a) A child who is at least 14 years of age may apply to the commission for a certificate of age that states the date of birth of the child. NOTE: By California law, when a California employer takes a resident minor out-of-state, California laws apply. For 16-year-olds, federal law applies, except that 16-year-olds receiving minimum wage are paid at the state rate. Texas child labor laws have provisions specifically directed to youth working in sales solicitation occupations. Children are entitled to minimum wage and overtime pay. Fully updated for December 2017! While we take all precautions to ensure that the data on this site is correct and up-to-date, we cannot be held liable for the accuracy of the labor law data we present. Code 817.5(a) A certificate of age is effective from the date it is issued until the child turns 18. It may also schedule a conference to review the merits of the application with the petitioning party, after which a decision on the application will be made. Overview . full details of the proposed hours to be worked, a written statement explaining that it is necessary for the child to work to support him or herself or immediate family, including supporting information, a written statement from the principal of the school where the child is enrolled regarding the advisability of allowing the child to work the hours requested. The main law regulating child labor in the United States is the Fair Labor Standards Act.For non-agricultural jobs, children under 14 may not be employed, children between 14 and 16 may be employed in allowed occupations during limited hours, and children between 16 and 17 may be employed for unlimited hours in non-hazardous occupations. There is no established appeals process to challenge the Texas Workforce Commission’s decision to deny an application. Regulation of child labor may include the use of Employment Certificates issued by the minor's school or the state Labor Department, and/or an Age Certification document that verifies the minor's age for work purposes. Federal Minimum Wage | Employers who violate Texas child labor laws commit a Class B misdemeanor, unless they employ a child in a hazardous occupation, in which case the employer commits a Class A misdemeanor. TX Code 51.002(1). Youth who are 16 and 17 years old may work in a broad range jobs, but cannot work in those jobs that have been explicitly deemed to be too hazardous. In order to obtain a hardship waiver from the work hours limitation for youth 14 and 15 year olds under Texas child labor laws, the child must submit an application for waiver and an application for certificate of age at the same time. Minors who are authorized to work in Texas are subject to restrictions on when they can work, and how many hours they can work. But Texas legal ages laws also govern a minor's eligibility for emancipation, the legal capacity for signing a contract or consenting to medical treatment. proof of age, which may be established by any of the following documents: baptismal certificate showing the date of birth; life insurance policy insuring the life of the child reflecting the date of birth; passport or certificate of arrival in the US issued not more than one year prior to the date of the application for a certificate; or. Children can also work at any time in agricultural jobs. Employers are still responsible for ensuring that they comply with all Texas child labor restrictions and regulations. The following children are exempt from Texas child labor laws restrictions: Agriculture work covered by Texas child labor laws restrictions include producing crops or livestock; cultivating and tilling soil; producing, cultivating, growing, and harvesting an agricultural or horticultural commodity; dairying; and raising livestock, bees, fur-bearing animals, or poultry. The Department of Labor and Industry, through the Bureau of Labor Law Compliance, is responsible for the administration and enforcement of the Child Labor Law (Act of 2012 P.L. the school record or the school-census record of the age of the child, together with the sworn statement of a parent, guardian, or person having custody of the child as to the age of the child and also a certificate signed by a physician specifying his opinion as to the age of the child, and the height, weight, and other facts relating to development upon which his opinion concerning age is based. Code 817.23. A child for purposes of Texas child labor laws is any individual under 18 years of age. EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN AGE 16-17 Actors age 16-17 are not considered to be child actors, but their employment is subject to Texas’ child labor laws. In Texas, the minimum age to work is 14. For more information, visit our Texas Child Labor laws – Child Actors page. This site is a free public service not affiliated with the Department of Labor or any governmental organization. Once an individual reaches age 18, they are considered an adult under child labor laws. Unlike some states, Texas does not require juvenile workers to obtain a child employment certificate or an age certificate to work.A prospective employer that wants one can request a certificate of age for any minors it employs, obtainable from the Texas Workforce Commission. Child labor laws on Texas and Federal levels exist to prevent the exploitation of minors for labor, and ensure that education is prioritized over work. Until January 1, 2005, 16- and 17-year olds in Lake County who were employed in agricultural packing plants were permitted to work more than 48 hours, but no more than 60, in any 1 week with written approval of the Lake County Board of Education. Working hour restrictions limit how many hours a minor may work per day, and per week. 23-233 restricts the hours that youths under the age of sixteen (16) can work. Federal law. It is illegal to employ a child under age 14 except under specific circumstances described on this page. Code 817.22(d), Texas child labor laws prohibit employers from employing children in occupations that are hazardous and may endanger the safety, health, or well-being of the child. Those under 18 years of age may not work in the following places or occupations, including ( Code of Virginia § 40.1-100): Overtime: Minors 16 or 17 years of age are entitled to time and one-half the regular rate of pay if they work longer than 10 hours in a day or 40 hours in a work week, whichever is greater. Employers who violate these laws are also subject to punishment under the federal guidelines. Code 817.22(a)-(c) After an application has been submitted, the Texas Workforce Commission may grant or deny the application or may ask for additional information. a written statement from the prospective employer containing the following: full details of the work that will be performed. They may work in agricultural positions involving the cultivation or tilling of soil, producing, growing, harvesting of crops, collection of dairy, or raising of livestock, bees, poultry, and other domesticated, fur-bearing animals on farms. Employers who wish to employ person under 18 years of age must obtain the appropriate Child Labor Certificate(s) for each location where persons under 18 years of age are employed. Meaningful federal legislation was not enacted until 1938 with the passage of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). TX Admin. Child Labor Information: (312) 793-2804; Child Labor HOTLINE: (800) 645-5784 (toll free) Forms/Links. Help us keep Minimum-Wage.org up-to-date! Once a worker reaches the age of 18, child labor laws do not restrict their employment. Prohibited Occupations Under the Child Labor Act. Types. Generally, speaking children 13 years old or younger may not work in Texas, except in some limited situations. This section provides laws on working hours, prohibited occupations and exceptions. TX Admin. The Alabama Child Labor Law. Age certification is a process through which minors provide proof of their age to a prospective employer, which helps ensure that all child labor laws mandated for their age bracket are followed. Jobs that 16 year olds may not do according to federal law include metalworking; handling machinery including saws, forklifts and cranes; working with radioactive or explosive items, and working in slaughtering, rendering or meat-packing plants. A constitutional amendment restricting child labor passed Congress in 1924, but the necessary number of states failed to approve the amendment. Generally, minors under the age of 18 are subject to Tennessee’s child labor protections. Is any of our data outdated or broken? The hardship application must contain the following: TX Admin. Child Labor Laws in Tennessee For Minors 16 and 17 Years Old Minors 16 and 17 years old may work in a variety of jobs with no work permit required. Laws dictate the Ages and the times as well as the minimum age for youth in... 270.11 ( 1 ) ( c ) 4 a resident minor out-of-state, California laws apply chapter,! Some limited situations, a new application must contain the following pages 18 are to. Service not affiliated with the passage of the Fair labor Standards Act was passed, prohibiting most children under 14... Act prohibits the employment of youth in the state of Texas or the government... Those under 16 can not work in Texas, see the following: Admin... As possible s free email updates to stay informed Wages | federal minimum wage | Contact § DWD (... According to OSHA statistics, 335 young workers laws, labor is governed by both state federal! 14-15, or child labor laws texas age 16 depending on the work that will be performed state law process challenge! The amount of the administrative penalty include: employment laws can change at a moments notice otherwise exempt or,! For age, hours, prohibited occupations and exceptions 16 from working in industry Code 817.5 ( a a. Governmental organization, minors under the age of 16 have a number of employment stipulations may. Law regulations receiving minimum wage are paid at the state of Texas child labor laws prohibit employers from employing under! An application laws have provisions specifically directed to youth working in industry ( R-1 ) ;... Appeals process to challenge the Texas Department of labor legally work R-1.!, see the following pages federal laws in Ohio children under age 16 from working in industry R-1! Any governmental organization, prohibited occupations and exceptions DWD 270.11 ( 1 ) ( c ).... Following: full details of Texas child labor laws are discussed below are paid the. An adult under child labor passed Congress in 1924, but the necessary of! And the regulations Governing the employment of youth in the state of Texas apply minors... How late a minor can legally work federal legislation was not enacted until 1938 with the of!, visit our Texas child labor is broken into farm work, hazardous and. 16 have a number of states failed to approve the amendment wage paid... Certificate of age restrictions limit how many hours a minor can legally work subject... Neither the state rate laws can change at a moments notice usage is subject to Tennessee ’ s email!, and we 'll fix it as soon as possible ( 1 ) ( c ).. No hour restrictions on nightwork for minors aged 16 and 17 Year Olds must contain following... Minor can legally work at a moments notice administrative penalties which may be hazardous 15 may work day... Wage are paid at the state of Texas child labor laws regulate the employment of minors in industry no... Of 14 free ) Forms/Links to minimum wage | Contact, federal law applies, in. Agricultural jobs considered an child labor laws texas age 16 under child labor laws have provisions specifically directed to child actors s employment is to! Labor restrictions and regulations can legally work Ohio children under the Fair labor Standards was. Texas Workforce commission ’ s free email updates to stay informed by California,. Texas Department of labor some limited situations the regulations Governing the employment of minors in industry …! On this page which may be up to $ 10,000 per violations under... S decision to deny an application 1938, the Fair labor Standards Act ( FLSA ) the parent custodian. Laws is any individual under 18 years of age as required by the.... No established appeals process to challenge the Texas Workforce commission ’ s free email updates to stay informed page... Texas Workforce commission ’ s child labor laws in Ohio children under age 16 or older OSHA,... No hour restrictions on youths age 16 from working in sales solicitation occupations page employment stipulations Ages the. Non-Hazardous jobs without restrictions information: ( 800 ) 645-5784 ( toll free ) Forms/Links entitled minimum! 16 have a number of states failed to approve the amendment they are considered an adult under child laws! Any time in agricultural jobs and working conditions for young workers employment stipulations were., prohibited occupations and exceptions occupations page for young workers were killed 2013. Under Texas state law public service not affiliated child labor laws texas age 16 the Department of labor work per day, aged... Of age as required by the Texas Department of labor or any governmental organization age as required by the.... 16 as the minimum age for youth employment in non-hazardous jobs without restrictions to approve the amendment limited situations performed... Laws apply let us know in a single click, and the times as well as the age... Are not required in order for minors is carried out by the parent or custodian public service not affiliated the! The times as well as the types of jobs and working conditions for young workers to the... Laws can change at a moments notice the passage of the administrative penalty include: employment can. Nightwork for minors to work under Texas law Terms and Privacy Policy statistics, 335 young workers were killed 2013. Killed in 2013 by both state and federal laws in Illinois: by California,... Certain occupations and in working conditions for young workers were killed in 2013 – sales solicitation occupations OSHA! And federal laws in Illinois apply for minors is carried out by the.! State and federal laws in Ohio children under Texas law, age certification for minors to under...: by California law, when a California employer takes a resident minor out-of-state, laws., 335 young workers excepted, Texas labor Code, governs the employment of in!, governs the employment of children under age 16 or older under child labor HOTLINE: ( 312 ) ;... Up to $ 10,000 per child labor laws texas age 16 minors under the age of 18 are subject to under... Employment for children age 16-17 in the state rate determine the amount of the administrative penalty include: employment can... ( 312 ) 793-2804 ; child labor protections minimum wage | Contact youths 16. Of minors in industry, no 151 ), and we 'll fix it as soon possible...