This is a chapter-by-chapter summary, with occasional notes, of the Histories of Herodotus, based mostly on the translation by Peter Greene (1987), with occasional reference to translations by A.D. Godley (1920), Aubrey de Sélincourt (1954), and Andrea Purvis (2007), by Jonathan Good of Reinhardt University. Herodotus the great Greek historian was born about 484 BCE, at Halicarnassus in Caria, Asia Minor, when it was subject to the Persians. Aristagoras goes to Athens, now a democracy; the story of the Peisitratids (55). This is a report of great and wonderful deeds by Greeks and Barbarians. Herodotus is convinced that the Sycthians descend from Heracles, which makes them the youngest people in the … Book 5, Affairs in Athens: Undaunted, Aristagoras decides to seek aid from the Athenians instead. Developments at Miletos and on Naxos; how the Parians had eased civil strife at Miletos by choosing the successful farmers (of whom there were few) to run the gov't (28-9). Covering a central and widely studied period of Greek history, Book V not only describes the revolt of the east Greeks against their Persian masters, which led to the great Persian … That the Macedonians are really Greeks proven: they compete at Olympic games (22). Books. Topics How to Cite This SparkNote Chapter IX Summary Chapter IX Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Analysis The concept of history plays a large and crucial role in The English Patient. by Barnabe Rich (multiple formats at archive.org) An illustration of a magnifying glass. Herodotus: A Very Short Introduction explores the recurring themes of Herodotus's work. In The Histories, he describes the expansion of the Achaemenid Empire under its kings Cyrus the Great, Cambyses, and Darius I the Great, culminating in Xerxes ' expedition to Greece (480 BCE), which met with disaster in the naval engagement at Salamis and the battles at Plataea and Mycale. Customs of various Thracians, including suttee. Finally the Carians ambush the Persians by night on the road and destroy their force (121). Summary of Book V AT the siege of Veii winter quarters were constructed for the soldiers. This loyal Greek becomes Herodotus describes several engagements that take place on several days. his opponents by allowing every male citizen a vote in the people's assembly. This logos ends with a story about a meeting but after his death his son Hippias had ruled the city like a despot. Aristagoras disregards this and departs for Myrcinus, where he is killed by Thracians (126). The surrender of the Peisitratids caused by the accidental capture of some of their children; their exile to Sigeum (on the Hellespont); remarks on their family tree, with links to Codrus the mythical king of Athens (65). Herodotus’s most popular book is The Histories. A line drawing of the Internet Archive headquarters building façade. and the Greeks. tells us about Megabazus' conquest of Thrace and the ensuing submission The Thracians are attacked by Megabazua, and the Persians respond to violence against Persian merchants by Macedonians. It’s definitely not always a page-turner. An illustration of an open book. A first Spartan expedition had been a disaster, His Histories primarily deals with the lives of Croesus, Cyrus, Cambyses, Smerdis, Darius, and Xerxes and the battles of Marathon, Thermopylae, Artemisium, Salamis, Plataea, and Mycale ; however, his many cultural, ethnographical, geographical, historiographical, … Herodotus covers the empire’s geography, social structure, and history before describing the events which led to Xerxes’ invasion of Greece and the Greek city-states uniting to defeat his army. The Ionian Revolt begins, 499 BC. The Online Books Page. The rest of the allies agree with the Corinthians, despite the objections of Hippias (93). Aristagoras of Miletus goes from Sparta to Athens, and by citing the status of the Milesians as apoikoi of Athens persuades the assembly (whose number Hdt puts at 30,000) to send 20 ships to Miletus (97). Dear Herodotus Readers, As you continue to read through The Histories, use these questions as benchmarks to keep you thinking critically through Books 4 & 5. Each contributor applied individual autopsy to a specific logos from Book 5 of Herodotus. Survey of prior Dorian incursions: once when Megara was founded, and twice against the Peisistratids (76). Discussion Questions for Herodotus Books 4 & 5. The History of Herodotus by Herodotus, part of the Internet Classics Archive. Herodotus. by Andrew Lang, trans. Herodotus Questions and Answers - Discover the eNotes.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Herodotus Herodotus’s History is an account of the Greco-Persian Wars (499–479 BCE) and the story of the growth and organization of the Persian empire. Book 5 begins by describing the Persians’ subjugation of the Thracians and their Greek neighbors living on the northern coast of the Aegean Sea after Darius’ failed campaign against the Scythians. An illustration of a person's head and chest. And hints of... LEONIDAS. not exactly what the Spartans had been fighting for. Aristagoras appeals to Artaphrenes, holding out the prospect of conquest of all the Cyclades (e.g. Video. Meanwhile in Cyprus Onesilus gets major reinforcements from the Ionians, and a Persian force (backed up by Phoenician ships) crosses to Cyprus (108). The Epidaurians now renege on their annual tax; Athens demands Aigina return the statues. The Carians are beaten by superior numbers; some take refuge at a shrine of Zeus (119). With Peisistratids gone, rivals at Athens for power are Cleisthenes and Isagoras son of Tisandrus; Cleisthenes is losing, but bolsters power by becoming democratic; his tribal reforms briefly described (66). Hippias returns to Sigeum; how the Athenians got Sigeum for their own after a long dispute with the Mytileneans; Hdt wrongly puts this war in the time of Peisitratus, when in fact it was much earlier (94). Online Books by. He advances swiftly on Athens, which has once more been abandoned by its citizens. He desacrates the tomb of pharaoh Amasis and tries to attack Kush (modern Sudan; giving Herodotus a chance to show his knowledge of the customs of this country on the edges of the earth ). In Book IV, chapter 23, we find the following description: (There are) “people who dwell at the foot of lofty mountains, who are said to be all—both men and women—bald from their birth, to have flat noses and very long chins…. The Spartans bring Hippias back from Sigeum, and call on their allies to help restore the Peisistratids (91). ); how that Cleisthenes (at war with Argos) stopped Homeric recitations as celebrating Argos, and replaced the local cult of Adrastus with one of Melanippus, and transferred tragic choruses from being about/in honor of Adrastus to being in honor of Dionysus (67). The opening logos of Book Four tells about their way of life. sent an embassy to the Persian governor Artaphrenes at Sardes to ask for and Greeks ceased for a while. to Cleomenes, who had lead the second invasion in person. Some Paeonians avoid capture; their curious houses set in the centre of lakes (confirmed by archaeological evidence) (16). At the same time, he had divided the population of Athens in new voting And hints of... LEONIDAS. Herodotus is called the father of history, since rather than write history as an epic, he approached his work as a research project. Upload. Alles begann mit Frauenraub in mythischer, vor­ge­schicht­li­cher Zeit: Mehrere Kö­nigs­töch­ter wurden entführt. For the Paeonians from about the Strymon were once bidden by an oracle to make war upon the Perinthians, … The narration was solid, but not top shelf. Fall of the Perinthians to Megabazus; how the Perinthians had previously been beaten by the Paeonians (1). by Andrew Lang, trans. The Eleusinian mysteries have their origin also in this clan of Phoenicians, the Gephyraioi (61). 4 Reading Herodotus form, which is coextensive with the text and in principle covers every line or chapter of the work in question, total coverage is as much a fantasy as Borges’ total library. Book Two. Both expeditions endin disaster, and after these failures, Cambyses orders several executions. by G. C. Macaulay (Gutenberg text) Herodotus: Euterpe: Being the Second Book of the Famous History of Herodotus (London: David Nutt, 1888), ed. This chapter examines Herodotus' reshaping of Proteus to fit his historiographical narrative. The fifth book of the histories of Herodotus. Persian reconquest of Ionia (6.1-42) Map of the Aegean world. by G. C. Macaulay (Gutenberg text) Herodotus: Euterpe: Being the Second Book of the Famous History of Herodotus (London: David Nutt, 1888), ed. 8-9. Cleisthenes the Athenian's reforms interpreted as a similar attempt, this time to denigrate Ionians at expense of Dorians (69). Megabazus continues into Thrace, conquering all (2). Next, the Ionian ambassador goes to Athens, which gives Herodotus Darius is persuaded and summons Histiaeus; he proposes to take him to Susa as his close adviser, and Histiaeus agrees (24). The Athenians are … But he. a chance to devote a logos to the period in which the Athenian democracy A delightful new translation of what is widely considered the first work of history and nonfiction. Herodotus has 402 books on Goodreads with 141314 ratings. Their funeral rites (8). Two versions of subsequent events: the Athenians say they went to Aigina with one trireme, and while dragging the statues away suffered a storm and an earthquake, and killed each other in the confusion, all but one man; this man made it back to Phaleron, but there was killed by the wives of those he had left behind, who stabbed him with their dress-pins, which is why the Athenian women now wear dresses without pins (85, 87-88). of eastern Macedonia. Herodotus's famous history of warfare between the Greeks and the Persians has an epic dignity which enhances his delightful style. Herodotus describes Athens and, in particular, th... Read More; Book 5, The Ionian Revolt: At this point, Aristagoras arrives in Athens with his request for aid. Preparations at Naxos; after a siege of four months is unsuccessful, the expedition returns to Miletus (34). She entered, and laid her garments on the chair, and Gyges gazed on her. We finally get into the conflicts betwixt Greece and Persia. A Nubian. Power of vast Thracian nation limited by disunity (3). Chroniclers of the Persians … As Irwin and Greenwood explain in their “Introduction: reading Herodotus, reading book 5” (pp. Cleomenes raises an army and invades Attica, reaching Eleusis; at the same time the Boiotians and Chalcidians attack from the north (74). 978-0-521-87630-8 - Reading Herodotus: A Study of the Logoi in Book 5 of Herodotus’ Histories Edited by Elizabeth Irwin and Emily Greenwood Excerpt More information. We finally get into the conflicts betwixt Greece and Persia. The Athenian support of the Ionian rebellion dovetails to a discussion of the founding of democracy in Athens after the tyrant Hippias is … The Online Books Page. Spartans were successful, and Hippias had left Athens. He advances swiftly on Athens, which has once more been abandoned by its citizens. Although Athens How the poet Alcaeus lost his shield in this battle, and wrote a poem about it; arbitration between Athens and Mytilene by Periander of Corinth (95). The Conquests of Megabazus. The armies line up near the Cyprian city of Salamis (east coast, facing Syria) (110). Herodotus is called the father of history, since rather than write history as an epic, he approached his work as a research project. How Otanes' father had been brutally murdered by Cambyses for taking judicial bribes; Cambyses made Otanes sit as judge on a chair made of his father's skin. Aristagoras makes his case to Cleomenes in a long speech, using a map of the world engraved on a bronze tablet to illustrate. 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