"This is a good idea. Should, must and have to. -> Also, MUST is used to express what we don't know but we are sure that it is true (based on evidence). Improve your English grammar with this quiz. I must go now. I _____ an umbrella. What should do I ? Modal verbs are for example may, can, must, should, need. è (D). You:  You should / ought to drink a cup of tea. "You should have called him." B: You _____ your coat! can  / could / must / mustn’t / should / shouldn’t / have to / don’t have to / ought to / ought not to / were able to. On the other hand, ought to is less emphatic than must, but more than should. If you don’t have to do something, it means that you can do it if you want, but you don’t need to do it. - Dad MUST be home. His car is here. Obligation: should, must , have to. 4When she was 4 years old, she read perfectly well. "I didn’t hear from my father last week." no obligation. I have no idea where it is. It is used to describe something that the speaker thinks is necessary to do. 6. Dogs must be kept on a lead. In (1): Tom is giving definite advice. 1The advice from the health committee is that all people with symptoms go to the doctor. "She … > Other English exercises on the same topic: Modals [Change theme] > Similar tests: - Modal : may/might - Placement test 1 - Modal can (video) - Modal verb : must / have to - Modal : can/could - Must / Have to - Modal verbs - Modal verbs > Double-click on words you don't understand I don't know what to do about it. 3. (Future) You must file a petition. You should be patient with me. Ought to has the same meaning as should, although it is more formal and not as common. must have to has to a) must b) have to c) has to. You should immediately. 5)      I left my sunglasses at a restaurant yesterday. You'd to better not leaving your key in the door. must mustn't had to a) must b) mustn't c) had to. Had better usually implies a warning about possible bad consequences. b- You should  (shouldn't) stay not up late. My teacher told me that I review my notes every day. / I have to go now. A: My ankle really hurts. Revising verb forms to express obligation. A: My ankle really hurts. Should - ought to - had better - would rather - supposed to exercises elementary, intermediate and adavanced level esl. You'd had better to call the doctor today. We can use can’t or be not allowed to  instead of mustn’t. 8. Should have Se usa "should have" para dar su opinión o pedir su opinión en el presente en relación a algo que sucedió en el pasado: "I had a terrible stomachache." Should is not as strong as must or have to. You shouldn't leave your car unlocked in the middle of the city. [Plus de cours et d'exercices de webmaster]Voir les statistiques de réussite de ce test d'anglais Merci de vous connecter au club pour sauvegarder votre résultat. He doesn't have to go “It´s your choice” prohibition. Exercise: modal auxiliaries, should, ought to 3. 8. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. But we normally use have to when there’s an external obligation, and must when the obligation comes from the opinion of the speaker. (=advice) You must be patient with me. Modal Verbs of Obligation Exercise A Check through the different uses. Ought to is not usually used in questions or negative sentences. English Exercises > modals exercises. I think I sprained it. Examples: - The ground was wet this morning. Expressing advice: SHOULD, OUGHT TO, and HAD BETTER. You should something. Mustn't: Prohibition: You mustn't tell Alex. In speaking, had is usually contracted: 'd. "You should have called him." Should is used to give advice or an opinion about what we think is right or wrong. Exercise 3 Complete the following sentences with the most appropriate modal verb from the list below. Regarding the meaning, sometimes there is little difference between have to and must. We use don’t have to when we don’t need to do something, when there’s no obligation; and we use mustn’t to talk about prohibition, when there is obligation not to do something. I should to go to the post office today. 9)      I bought a pair of pants that don't fit. Remember that ought to is more formal than should.. can / could / must / mustn’t / should / shouldn’t / have to / don’t have to / ought to / ought not to / were able to. Should: Advice: Logical deduction: You should take an umbrella in case it rains. You'd better lock it before we go into the restaurant. You. OR She ought to find a better job. a-You had not better eat that meat. Esto, ya sea en situaciones presentes o futuras. This is good advice. should + subject + main verb (Ought to is usually not used in questions.). So, it is obvious that the degree of emphasis is least when we use should in our sentence. TYPE USE MODAL VERB EXAMPLES NOTES 1 obligation have to María has to go to Rome must You must see a doctor Must expresses more urgency than have to She had to see a doctor Must is only used in the present simple. 5I get up early tomorrow; I want to go running very early. Exercise on how to use should and ought to for past events that didn't happen. 1. In this video, learn about the modal verbs of advice, should, ought to, had better and must. don't have to. I can't find my credit card. It tests what you learned on the have to, must page. The negative form is must not or mustn’t and the question is must I, must you, etc. to do something. We haven't seen them in weeks, and they really enjoy a nice day at the beach. must, have to, should and ought to . 9. Yesterday I _____ finish my geography project. You must be tired after your long journey. You should tailors’ to get them shortened. It is not as strong as must. have to, must Quiz. Use it to advise or make recommendations. We should invite Sally and her husband to come to the picnic on Saturday. 1. All employees _____ on time for work. (Future) Must can refer to the past only when it is used with the present perfect of the main verb.. She must have gone home. had better + simple form of a verb (no to). You could get a speeding ticket or have an accident. - must and have to The verb must only exists in the simple present and present perfect forms. You ought to breathing. 3I hate big multinational companies. What should I do? = I have to swim. You, You can't wear shorts and a T-shirt to a job interview! 3)      I have a toothache. We use have to / must / should + infinitive to talk about obligation, things that are necessary to do, or to give advice about things that are a good idea to do. I've revised so I should be ready for the test. He is stating clearly that he believes going home for a nap is a good idea and is the solution to Bob's problem. Ought to: Advice: Logical deduction: You ought to write to your grandmother. Do you know the number. It MUST have rained last night. 3. ought + to + simple form of a verb. Should and ought have very similar meanings and can often replace each other. Could Should Would + Verb3 Can / Can't Subject Exercises: 1. You must see a doctor. Anna shouldn't wears shorts into the restaurant. You mustn't insult people : recommendation. N Possible bad consequences: We'll be late if we don't hurry. Free interactive exercises to practice online or download as pdf to print. You must do this now. Substitute the phrase underlined for the should / shouldn't or ought to / oughtn't to structures (both modals are possible in all answers even though there may be small differences in meaning). You can't wear shorts and a T-shirt to a job interview! In this lesson, you can learn about the modal verbs must, have to and should.Do you know the difference between 'must', 'have to' and 'should'? Must is only used in the present simple. » Modals of Advice » Exercise; Modals of Advice 1 - Should, Ought to, Had Better Choose the best modal for each sentence. My clothes are dirty … a-I should / ought to wash them.. b-I should to wash them.. c-I ought washing them.. FORMS: @ POSITIVE should + simple form of a verb (no to). - Ejercicios - Should / Must / Have to - 1.- Elige "Must" / "Should" / "Have to" (en el tiempo correspondiente) para completar estas oraciones: {ejercicio:completar} You come with us to the cinema; the film we are going to see We normally use have to for questions. þ EXERCISE 03. The use of ‘maybe’ with ‘should’ and ‘ought to’ softens the advice. Many modal verbs cannot be used in all of the English tenses. Don’t have to and mustn’t have opposite meanings. 5. Must only has a present form, so for all other verb forms (past, future, perfect forms, infinitive, etc.) In spoken informal English, you can often use ‘ve got to instead of have to. New research suggests that exercise can reduce the chance of heart disease as well as cancer. Comment on each one saying it should have happened or it ought to have happened (both modals are possible in all answers). mustn't. If you need help, click "Show a letter". You, I left my sunglasses at a restaurant yesterday. should put on; It's raining and I don't want to get my dress wet. "You ought to email Mike and say thanks for the nice present he bought you." had better bring ? 6You eat so many sweats. must. In (2): Tom is making a suggestion: taking a nap is one possible way to solve Bob's problem. B - Right or … Auxiliary verbs in English elementary, intermediate and adavanced level esl. we need to use have to. What should I do? 2This is a non-smoking area, you smoke here. 1)      I'm hungry. 2. Ø EXAMPLE:  Mary:  I'm sleepy. 8The board agreed that employers have access to an employee's medical file. Must and have to are both used for obligation and are often quite similar. N Possible bad consequences: If you wear shorts and a T-shirt, you will get the job.If you wear shorts and a T-shirt, you will look smart.If you wear shorts and a T-shirt, the employer may think you’re not serious. Should, Ought to, Had Better ID: 2943 Language: English ... Modal Verbs Can, Must, Should by Teacher_Alla: Grammar revision by mada_1: Have to- don't have to by Letimaral: Simple Present Tense - Negative Contrations by hollybell10: Used to by SroemKhen: Present Continous by TeacherLeoh: Present simple - do-does-am-is-are by busja: Latest comments. Should is not as strong as must or have to. They express an ability, permission, wish etc. A - Right or Wrong? … There are two types of modal verbs of obligation ; those that primarily express a firm obligation or necessity - must and have to ; those that express a recommendation or moral obligation - should and ought to ; Firm obligation, etc. modals exercise. OR He ought to stop smoking. That's why I told my father that he start walking once a day. 7)      I have a headache. Can Can't Exercises 5-6-7 Mustn't vs Don't Have to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 8-9-10 Must vs Have to / Has to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 11. Anna shouldn't wear shorts into the restaurant. Modal Verb Substitute Example; must: to have to: I must swim. You don't should stay up too late tonight. (Present) He must pay damages. You shouldn't eat so quickly : ought to. Exercise on how to use should and ought to for strong probability. It is used to describe an obligation, a rule, something that is necessary. They're too long. That's why we need to know the substitutes to these modal verbs. What should I do? They mean: “This is a good idea. You should tell the truth. You can do this grammar quiz online or print it on paper. I think they pay more taxes. Well, almost. Tom: Maybe you should take a nap./Maybe you ought to take a nap. should take off ? I guess I'd better call the credit card company. He should be punctual. 1. We can use have to in all the verb forms (present, past and perfect tenses, gerund, to infinitive, etc.). Must expresses more urgency than have to : She had to see a doctor. Should/ have to/ must - cours Quelle est la différence entre SHOULD/ HAVE TO et MUST? You. What should I do? She will _____ wait in line like everyone else. 10)      I always make a lot of spelling mistakes when I write. I guess I. should. You'd better change clothes before you go. What should I do? They're too long. Tom: You should take a nap./You ought to take a nap. ? They are both followed by the infinitive. Must is a modal verb and it has a present form, which can be used to talk about the present or the future. b-I'd better send my boss an e-mail right away. » Modals of Advice » Exercise; Modals of Advice 2 - Should, Ought to, Had better Type in the best modal to complete each sentence. I don't know what to do about it. Must and have to - modal verbs exercises. C USE: Had better has the same basic meaning as should and ought to: "This is a good idea. "You should have gone to the doctor’s." Note that ought is followed by the infinitive with to. Index of contents Can / could - exercises May / might Must / have to Shall / should Will / would Mixed modals - exercises Had better Home You, I always make a lot of spelling mistakes when I write. ? a-You should not (shouldn't) stay up late. b-Bob: I'm going to be late. 9There was a lot of traffic, but fortunately we arrive on time. You shouldn't leave your car unlocked in the middle of the city. should + not = shouldn't (Ought to is usually not used in the negative.). should to take off ? Can vs Could Exercise 4. "She isn't happy with the … "I didn’t hear from my father last week." EXAMPLE: Are you any good at athletics? What do you suggest? 2. 4)      I have the hiccups. Dentro de nuestras conversaciones de todos los días, surge la necesidad de dar algún consejo, hacer sugerencias, con mayor o menor énfasis, mostrar que alguna actividad es necesaria u obligatoria, o que es parte de un deber o compromiso. 3. 10. This is good advice.". Questions with must are not common. O Directions: Spot the mistake then rewrite the sentence correctly. B: You'd better put some ice on it right away. Mr. Nguyen has a large family and a small apartment. He should stop smoking. Have to is NOT a modal verb. O Directions: In the following, the speaker chooses to use had better- What are some possible bad consequences N the speaker might be thinking of? EXAMPLE: Are you any good at athletics? In case it rains was a lot of spelling mistakes when I write take an umbrella in case rains. Present or the complete ( I am ) form of the verb that all people with symptoms go the. The infinitive with to saying it should have happened or it ought to for past events that did n't.... 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